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Sunday, July 10, 2022

sighting two butterflies !!

சண்டேன்னா இரண்டு !  - தினமலர் ஞாயிறு மலர் பற்றிய விளம்பரம் !! 

** In 1937, in a small mining town on the Nevada–Arizona border, Jess Tyler is the caretaker of an unused silver mine. His wife, Belle Morgan, deserted him 10 years earlier and took their daughters, Janey and Kady, when she ran off with another man .. .. … ,  

The caterpillar does all the work, but the butterfly gets all the publicity.”  

Butterfly !  உண்மைக்கும் பொய்க்கும் இடையே இருப்பது ஒரு மெல்லிய திரைதான். ஆனால் அது அன்றாட வாழ்க்கையில் உறவுகளின் நாடகத்தில் அவ்வளவு எளிதில் விலக்க இயலாத இரும்புத்திரை என்பதைச் சித்தரிக்கும் நாவல் வண்ணத்துப்பூச்சி வேட்டை. ஆண்களின் உலகத்தில் பெண்களின் தனிமையையும் பயங்களையும் அவர்கள் மேல் செலுத்தப்படும் வெளிப்படையான, மானசீக வன்முறையையும் சுஜாதா மனநெகிழ்ச்சியூட்டும் வகையில் இந்நாவலில் விவரிக்கிறார்.  

தேனீக்களைப் போலவே வண்ணத்துப்பூச்சிகளும் தாவரப் பெருக்கத்தில் தனித்துவமான பங்கு வகிக்கின்றன. சுற்றுச்சூழலின் தரத்தை அளவிடுவதற்கான குறியீடாக, அவை திகழ்கின்றன. பூமியில் சுமார் 20,000 வகையான வண்ணத்துப்பூச்சிகள் வாழ்கின்றன. அதில் இந்தியாவில் மட்டுமே, 1,300-க்கும் மேற்பட்ட வகைகள் இருக்கின்றன.   

Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths. Adult butterflies have large, often brightly coloured wings, and conspicuous, fluttering flight.   Butterfly fossils date to the Paleocene, about 56 million years ago. Butterflies have a four-stage life cycle, as like most insects they undergo complete metamorphosis. Winged adults lay eggs on the food plant on which their larvae, known as caterpillars, will feed. The caterpillars grow, sometimes very rapidly, and when fully developed, pupate in a chrysalis. When metamorphosis is complete, the pupal skin splits, the adult insect climbs out, and after its wings have expanded and dried, it flies off. Some butterflies, especially in the tropics, have several generations in a year, while others have a single generation, and a few in cold locations may take several years to pass through their entire life cycle.  

** In 1937  was the storyline of -  Butterfly,  American independent crime drama film co-written and directed by Matt Cimber, based on the 1947 novel The Butterfly by James M. Cain.   The film was financed by Zadora's husband, Israeli multimillionaire Meshulam Riklis, at an estimated cost of US$3.5 million. It received 10 nominations for the 1982 Golden Raspberry Awards including "Worst Picture", with Zadora winning "Worst Actress" and "Worst New Star"!   

In chaos theory, the butterfly effect is the sensitive dependence on initial conditions in which a small change in one state of a deterministic nonlinear system can result in large differences in a later state. The term is closely associated with the work of mathematician and meteorologist Edward Norton Lorenz. He noted that the butterfly effect is derived from the metaphorical example of the details of a tornado (the exact time of formation, the exact path taken) being influenced by minor perturbations such as a distant butterfly flapping its wings several weeks earlier. Lorenz originally used a seagull causing a storm but was persuaded to make it more poetic with the use of butterfly and tornado by 1972  

A few minutes back could photograph – two butterflies sitting on a small flower plant on my rooftop. 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
10th July 2022.




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