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Thursday, May 19, 2022

Conch dollar in neck !

It was triggered by a photo of a cow taken by me at Triplicane this evening – you may read something on Sachaa Jhutha /  a MGR movie / health tip / a farm in Puerto Rico  .. . and more .. wonder what ?? –  please read on !!


Sachaa Jhutha ("Honest and Liar")  has Rajesh Khanna, Mumtaz and Vinod Khanna and revolved  around a simple villager (Bhola), who has a look-alike, a crook (Ranjeet Kumar), who takes advantage of the former's simplicity and mirror-image. 

நான் பார்த்த படங்கள் மிக குறைவு - சிறு வயதில் சென்ற ஊர்களோ இன்னமும் குறைவு !  .. .. 1975ல் ஹோகேனேக்கல் சென்று குளித்து, தர்மபுரியில் தங்கி - ஏதோ திரையரங்கில் பார்த்த படம் : நினைத்தை முடிப்பவன்" - MGR படம்.  கதாநாயகன் ஒரு சாதாரணன் ! - திருமண ஊர்வலத்தில் இசைக்கருவி வாசிப்பது மட்டுமே தெரிந்தவன்.  அவன் லட்சியமே, தங்கையின் திருமணச் செலவுகளுக்காகப் பணம் சேர்ப்பது - தன சொந்த ஊரை விட்டு,  பட்டணத்திற்கு வந்து நாட்கள் பலவாகியும் வேலை கிடைக்காமல் சுற்றியலைகிறான்.  

திரு எம்.எஸ். விஸ்வநாதன் இசையில் - திரு  TM சௌந்தர்ராஜன் இசையில் பட்டி தொட்டியெல்லாம் ஒலித்த பாடல் :  

பூ மழைத் தூவி வசந்தங்கள் வாழ்த்த - ஊர்வலம் நடக்கின்றது

எழில் பொங்கிடும் அன்பு தங்கையின் - நெற்றியில் குங்குமம் சிரிக்கின்றது

மங்கள குங்குமம் சிரிக்கின்றது 

ஜவ்வரிசியைப் பொடித்து, முல்தானிமிட்டியுடன் கலந்து, அந்தக் கலவை இறுக்கமாவதற்குள் கழுத்தில் அப்ளை செய்யுங்கள். அப்படிச் செய்யும்போது, கீழிருந்து மேல் நோக்கிச் செய்துவிட்டு, கழுத்தைச் சற்று தூக்கியபடி வைத்துக்கொண்டு நாற்காலியில் உட்கார்ந்துகொள்ளுங்கள்.  எங்கோ படித்த அழகு குறிப்பு !!  .. ..  இந்த பேக் தடவிக்கொண்ட பிறகு, பேசவோ, சிரிக்கவே, நடக்கவோ கூடாது. அப்படிச் செய்தால், கழுத்துச் சுருக்கம் அதிகமாகிவிடும். பேக் போட்டதும் அமைதியாக உட்கார்ந்துகொள்ளவும். ஜவ்வரிசி பேக் காய்ந்து இறுக்கமானதும், குளிர்ந்த நீரால் கழுத்தை கழுவுங்கள். இந்த பேக், கழுத்தின் தோல் மற்றும் தசையை இறுக்கமாக்கும்.  பெண்களின் வயதைக் காட்டிக்கொடுக்கும், பல சமயங்களில் வயதை அதிகப்படுத்திக் காட்டும் ஒரு பாகம், கழுத்து.

 நான் முன்பு கூறிய நினைத்ததை முடிப்பவன் படத்து பாடலில் காதில் ரீங்காரமிடும் புலமைப்பித்தன்  வரிகள் :

வெண்சங்கு கழுத்தோடு பொன்மாலை அசைந்தாட - நான் கண்ட பொருள் கூறவா!

அது என்ன வெண்சங்கு கழுத்து .. .. பளீர் என்ற நிறம் !  - சங்கின் வளைவு போன்ற அமைப்புள்ளதாலும்,  மிருதுவான தொடுஉணர்வைக் கைகளுக்கு அளிப்பதாலும், சங்கைப் போன்றே மங்கலச் சின்னமான தாலி, தழையப்பெற்றிருப்பதாலும்,  பெண்களின் கழுத்திற்கு சங்கு உவமையாகக் கூறப்படுகிறது. !!! 

Conch (Sanghu) is a common name of a number of different medium-to-large-sized sea snails. Conch shells typically have a high spire and a noticeable siphonal canal (in other words, the shell comes to a noticeable point at both ends). 

In North America, a conch is often identified as a queen conch, indigenous to the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. Queen conches are valued for seafood and are also used as fish bait. A queen conch shell can grow as big as a football. Its handle-like cavity gives it a similarly satisfying grip, though it weighs closer to a brick. That heft makes queen conchs easy to spot and catch—so easy that overharvesting for their meat and shells has collapsed populations throughout their habitat in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. The United States was the first to lose its queens, which once thrived at the southern tip of Florida. They have not rebounded despite Florida’s ban on commercial conch fishing since 1975 and all harvesting since 1986.   

Now there is a lab for conservation of this conch at Puerto Rico.  Half indoor lab, half open-air courtyard, the Naguabo Queen Conch Hatchery burbles in an orderly network of pipes and filters, deep tanks and shallow basins, beakers and carboys swirling with algae. In the lab  under the keen eye of  marine research professor research is on for growing, preserving Queen conch,    to tackle poverty as a means to long-term marine conservation. 

Sachaa Jhutha was directed by Manmohan Desai and produced by Vinod Doshi. The film written by Desai's wife Jeevanprabha, was edited by Kamlakar Kamkhanis. The film starring Rajesh Khanna, Mumtaz and Vinod Khanna revolved around a simple villager (Bhola), who has a look-alike, a crook (Ranjeet Kumar), who takes advantage of the former's simplicity and mirror-image.  The music of the film was composed by Kalyanji-Anandji. Ninithathai Mudippavan starring MGR, Latha, MN Nambiar was a remake of this film. 

-      If you are wondering, what this is all about ?  - evening saw a cow in Triplicane wearing a conch-dollar, yes – a real white conch around its neck.

 
With regards – S. Sampathkumar
19.5.2022
  

Tuesday, May 17, 2022

the rich world of modelling !

In life, what is easy for some – could be too difficult for somebody else !  - Social media is ripe with people doing domestic work – one of my friends used to put daily household chores like cutting of vegetables.  The advts during IPL of dream X1 showing – Cricketers trying to replace what fans are doing, asking them to go and play dream X1 is a hit, though not exactly proper in promoting gambling in this manner.  Life is all about earning and .. .. some are big earners (for those of us who count in 1000s – the life of modelling is in few crores !) 

Covid 19 – the Corona virus played havoc with some lives – destroyed livelihood of some –  way back in 1939, at the beginning of World War II, a high-profile model  closed her shops, maintaining her apartment situated above the couture house at 31 Rue de Cambon. She said that it was not a time for fashion;  as a result of her action, 4,000 female employees lost their jobs. Her biographer Hal Vaughan suggested that she used the outbreak of war as an opportunity to retaliate against those workers who had struck for higher wages and shorter work hours in the French general labor strike of 1936. In closing her couture house, she made a definitive statement of her political views. Her dislike of Jews, reportedly sharpened by her association with society elites, had solidified her beliefs.  

The internet has proven time and again that celebrities and their bizarre antics will never go unnoticed.  People tend to feel happy and criticize when celebrities fail.  Whether it is a slip-up, a fumble or faux pas or even anything else that celebrities are doing wrong - internet users promptly sit up and take notice. A video of American model Kendall Jenner cutting a cucumber surfaced on social media, and it has left the internet utterly bewildered. Kendal Jenner's video was from the OTT series 'The Kardashians'  surfaced on Twitter on 13 May. In a section of the episode, the American model wanted to make a snack for herself. Her mother Kris Jenner offered to call the chef to help her out with it. However, she refused and said that she would make it herself as it was pretty easy. She then started to cut the cucumber in the most bizarre fashion possible. Clearly struggling with it, Kendall said that she was 'not a professional' and the camera shouldn't zoom in on her. Her mother Kris watched and warned her not to cut herself and offered to call the chef again. But Kendall refused and kept at it.



Twitter users could not fathom how she was unable to complete such a simple and basic task. Several users shared their reactions and responses to the bizarre video. Jenner made her debut at No. 16 on Forbes magazine's 2015 list of top-earning models, with an estimated annual income of US$4 million. In 2017, Jenner was named the world's highest-paid model by Forbes, ousting model Gisele Bündchen, who had been leading the list for more than 14 years since 2002. 

Modelling has been a fancy career for many, as with the right agency, one gets to be the face of high-end fashion brands. The highest paid models started their careers while still teenagers. Some were spotted by modelling scouts, while others participated in local beauty pageants and thus got recognition. Famous models like Naomi Campbell and Tyra Banks are some of the success stories many young girls who want to venture into modelling look up to.  



Kendall Nicole Jenner is an American model, media personality, and socialite. She rose to fame in the reality television show Keeping Up with the Kardashians. Jenner began modelling at the age of 14. After working in commercial print ad campaigns and photoshoots, Jenner has appeared in campaigns, editorials, and cover shoots for LOVE and various international Vogue editions, and is a brand ambassador for Estée Lauder. Jenner made her debut at No. 16 on Forbes magazine's 2015 list of top-earning models, with an estimated annual income of US$4 million. In 2017 Jenner was named the world's highest-paid model by Forbes.

Decades ago, there was Coco Chanel – described in para 2.  Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel [1883 – 1971] was a French fashion designer and businesswoman. The founder and namesake of the Chanel brand, she was credited in the post-World War I era with popularizing a sporty, casual chic as the feminine standard of style. This replaced the "corseted silhouette" that was dominant beforehand with a style that was simpler, far less time consuming to put on and remove, more comfortable, and less expensive, all without sacrificing elegance. She is the only fashion designer listed on Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.  A prolific fashion creator, Chanel extended her influence beyond couture clothing, realizing her aesthetic design in jewellery, handbags, and fragrance. Her signature scent, Chanel No. 5, has become an iconic product, and Chanel herself designed her famed interlocked-CC monogram, which has been in use since the 1920s.



Her couture house closed in 1939, when the German occupation of France during World War II began; Chanel stayed in France, and was criticized during the war for being too close to the German occupiers to boost her professional career. After the war, Chanel was interrogated about her relationship with von Dincklage, but she was not charged as a collaborator due to intervention by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.   

Chanel Solitaire is a 1981 British-French-American historical drama film directed by George Kaczender – the film's subject was Coco Chanel at a budget of  around £7 million.

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
17th May 2022. 

Sunday, May 15, 2022

Super Blood moon !

 I am sorry for sharing this a bit late – however, if you have the opportunity to look at the sky from your window /balcony / terrace – do it right now !  .. today is Pournami (full moon) – Solar eclipse too ..  and we are seeing a blood coloured Orange moon !! 

This is called ‘super flower blood moon’ -  because the moon appears to have a blood-orange color. 

A total lunar eclipse happens when the whole moon enters Earth's shadow. Some sunlight still reaches the moon, but first it goes through Earth's atmosphere. The atmosphere filters out most of the sun’s blue light, so the moon looks red.  Today, globally  a "blood moon" lunar eclipse will happen.  What is special about this particular eclipse is that it will change the color of the moon to a reddish color. Obviously that is where the term "blood moon" comes from.  

The first of this year’s two lunar eclipses will take place on Sunday and Monday. This light will be blood red, from all Earth's sunrises and sunsets reflected on to the Moon's surface, explains  an  astronomer at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.  A total lunar eclipse — when the full moon moves into the shadow of the Earth —will be visible from parts of the Americas, Europe, Africa and the east Pacific. New Zealand, the Middle East, and eastern Europe will witness a penumbral eclipse, which arises when the moon is in the lighter penumbral shadow.  

The lunar eclipse will occur on a day of the full moon. When the Earth’s shadow falls on the moon, it appears red. As sunlight will reflect onto the moon’s surface after filtering through the Earth’s atmosphere, the moon will reflect all other colours, retaining only red due to its wavelength. This makes the moon appear reddish, giving birth to the ‘blood moon’ term. The full lunar eclipse will begin at 07.58 AM (IST) on Monday and be in effect till 11.35 AM, NASA said. The red moon will be at its peak at 9.41 AM.  

A super blood moon is one  of our planet's most stunning !   The moon is going to pass into the Earth's shadow on May 16, turning fully red in some locations as the sun's light is refracted around the moon like a prism and shines its moon's surface. So you won't want to miss the first of only two lunar eclipses in 2022. In areas with total visibility in the Americas, Antarctica, Europe, Africa and the east Pacific, the big event officially starts with a partial eclipse Sunday (May 15) at 10:28 p.m. EDT (0228 GMT on Monday, May 16), according to TimeandDate.com.  

A penumbral eclipse, which happens when the moon passes into the edge of the Earth's shadow, will begin and end roughly an hour after the partial eclipse. You can catch this event in New Zealand, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. In these regions, the moon won't go fully dark or turn red, but you should see the shadow on its surface in the right conditions.  

However, this  eclipse,  will not be visible in India.  Happy moon viewing ! –here are couple of photos taken from my terrace at around 8 pm .. .. and in one of them you can see those plants in moon too !!

 
With regards – S. Sampathkumar
15.5.2022  @ 10.15 pm.





the big, burly - Andrew Symonds dies in a car accident !!

 In 1999,  Matthew Hayden and fellow Test cricketer _________  and another friend endured another water-based ordeal in Moreton Bay when their fishing boat sunk, with the three battling currents and fatigue to swim more than a kilometre back to shore.   .. .. today at 46, he has died young in a road accident.  Born in Birmingham, he could have played for England but turned down a call-up to the England A team in 1995. His first Australia selection, to the ODI side, came in 1998 but for a long time it appeared he would not make the most of his huge talent. 

With dreadlocks and his face daubed with zinc cream, he always cut a flamboyant figure in the Australian team.  Andrew Symonds, the former Australian allrounder who played in 26 Tests and 198 ODIs in an international career spanning from 1998 through 2009, has died in a car accident in Queensland. Symonds was 46 and was involved in an accident outside Townsville where he lived in retirement. In a statement, Queensland police said: "Police are investigating a single-vehicle crash in Hervey Range, around 50 kilometres from Townsville that's taken the life of a 46-year-old man last night. "Early information indicates, shortly after 11pm the car was being driven on Hervey Range Road, near Alice River Bridge when it left the roadway and rolled. "Emergency services attempted to revive the 46-year-old driver and sole occupant, however, he died of his injuries."

 


He featured in 198 ODIs – scoring six centuries and 30 half-centuries – while also contributing 133 wickets with his more than handy off-spin and medium pace – and was a livewire, a character on field. It was at the 2003 World Cup,  Symonds burst on to the stage with perhaps his greatest innings as he torched Pakistan with an unbeaten 143 in Johannesburg early in the tournament and helped Australia remain unbeaten and defeat India in a one-sided final. The swashbuckling right-hander was also part of the victorious World Cup side at the 2007 World Cup in West Indies as Australia claimed their fourth 50-over World Cup title. 

Alan Border said Symonds “hit the ball a long way and just wanted to entertain”. “He was, in a way, a little bit of an old-fashioned cricketer,” Border told the Nine Network. “He was an adventurer, loved his fishing, he loved hiking, camping. People liked his very laid-back style.” 

In 2008, he missed Australia’s one-day series against Bangladesh after going fishing when he was required to attend a team meeting. He also was disciplined prior to the 2009 Twenty20 World Cup for breaching team rules around alcohol.

He scored a career-best 162 against India at Sydney in 2008 in a match that would also become one of his most controversial moments of his career when he was involved in the lengthy race row with Harbhajan Singh.  In that Second test at Sydney between India and Australia in Jan 2008 there was ugly spar between Symonds and Harbhajan  that went for  adjudication in Court on breach of ICC code of conduct before the  Appeals Commissioner The Hon. Justice John Hansen (of New zealand). 

When they flourished, Andrew Symonds and Michael Clarke formed a formidable pair for the Australian cricket team.  Together they won many series as Clarke went on to become the Australia captain. At the same time, Symonds was at the sunset of his career and somehow his equation with Clarke took the wrong turn. It reached a point when then interim captain Clarke sent Symonds back from a one-day series for skipping a team meeting and instead going to fishing.   Later in a podcast,  Symonds said that their friendship went sour after he got a good salary in the Indian Premier League. In the inaugural 2008 IPL, Symonds became the costliest overseas player as he was picked by Deccan Chargers for a sum of INR 5.4 crore.  

He played for Deccan Chargers and later for Mumbai Indians in IPL.  Statistically he scored 1462 runs in 26 tests; 5088 in 198 ODI & 337 in 14 T20I – he also took 24 test wickets, 133 in ODI and 8 in T20. 

Sad such a character is lost young ! in a gory accident
 
With regards – S. Sampathkumar
15.5.2022

 

 

Saturday, May 14, 2022

donkeys ! .. .. donkey-drop, what !?!?

Since the agricultural boom began in the 1950s, world food production has tripled.  Lot of praise would go to Tractor and other modern agricultural implements / equipments – but – all is not well  for draught animals – or peasants.  I have been posting photos of animals / birds and other livestock spotted around – today it is different – seen near home only !! 

Sure you have read this interesting fable of father, son and donkey.  On the move, father and son walked with a donkey.  First the father sat – people commented that the elder  making the young boy walk ;  when son sat, people commented – that youth  is cruel in making his father walk- both of them sat on donkey – people said that cruelty is meted out to the poor animal !; when none sat, people criticized them of being foolish !  – and together they carried the animal !!!  Moral : Never try to please all. 

சில வருஷங்கள் முன்பு வீட்டிலும் - பள்ளியிலும் - சற்று தரக்குறைவாக, சரியாக படிக்காதவர்களை, சோம்பேறியாக இருப்பவர்களை - செல்லமாக அழைத்த சொல் 'கழுதை' .. .. இன்றைய நகர வாழ்க்கையில், இவற்றை காண்பது அரிது .. .. .. சில வருஷங்களில், நமது அடுத்த தலைமுறையினர் - விலங்கியல் பூங்காவில் மட்டுமே காணுமளவிற்கு அருகி போக வாய்ப்புண்டு !! 

ஒரு காலத்தில் சலவைத் தொழிலாளர்களின் வீடுகளில், மதிப்புமிக்க வீட்டு விலங்காக வளர்க்கப்பட்டு வந்த கழுதை இனம், இன்று சலவைத் தொழிலாளர்கள் வாழ்க்கை முறை மாறியதால், சமுதாயத்தால் புறக்கணிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளன. மனிதனுக்கு பல்வேறு வகையில் பயன்பட்டுக் கொண்டிருந்த கழுதையை,  ஏதோ காரணத்தால், மரியாதைக் குறைவான ஒப்பீட்டுக்கும், உதாசீனப்படுத்தவும், ஒருவரை அவமானப்படுத்துவதற்குமே உவமையாகப் பயன்படுத்துகிறோம். பாண்டியர்கள் ஆட்சிக் காலத்தில் மன்னார் வளைகுடா கடற்பரப்பில் முத்துகுளித்த முத்துகளை மூட்டையாகக் கட்டி, அவற்றை  கொண்டுசெல்லும் மதிப்புமிக்க பணியை கழுதைகள்தான் செய்து வந்தனவாம். பழைய காலத்தில் குற்றவாளிகளையும், பெண்களுக்கு எதிராக தவறிழைத்தோரையும் கழுதை மீது உட்கார வைத்து, அவன் முகத்தில் கருப்பு, வெள்ளை வர்ணங்களால் புள்ளிகளை வைத்து நகர் வழியாகக் கூட்டிச் செல்வர்.  . கழுதைகளை பாரம் சுமக்கப் பயன்படுத்தியதும் நீண்ட காலமாக வழக்கத்தில் உள்ளது.  சங்க தமிழ் நூல்களில், மிளகு பொதி சுமக்கும் கழுதை பற்றியும் கழுதை பூட்டிய ஏர்  உழுதல் பற்றியும் பாடி உள்ளனர்.  


"கழுதை தேய்ந்து கட்டெறும்பு ஆனதைப் போல"  - என ஒரு பழமொழி உண்டு.  இப் பழமொழிக்குத் தற்போது கொள்ளப்படும் பொருள் : ' கழுதையானது தனது பெரிய உருவில் இருந்து மெலிந்து மெலிந்து ஒரு கட்டெறும்பு அளவுக்குச் சுருங்கியதைப் போல ' . மிக்க வளத்துடனும் பலத்துடனும் நல்ல நிலையில் இருந்து பின்னர் மெல்ல மெல்ல அனைத்தையும் இழந்து நிற்கும் நிலைக்கு இந்தப் பழமொழியினை ஒரு உவமையாகக் குறிப்பிடுவர்.  

கழுதை உருவில் பெரிய,  பொதி சுமக்கும் நாலுகால் விலங்கு; கட்டெறும்பு கருநிறம் கொண்ட எறும்பு  -  கழுதைக்கும்  கட்டெறும்பிற்கும் என்ன தொடர்பு என்பதை அறிய முடியவில்லை. கழுதையின் எந்தவொரு பண்பினையும் கட்டெறும்பிற்குப் பொருத்திப் பார்க்க இயலவில்லை. அதுமட்டுமின்றி, கழுதை எவ்வளவுதான் மெலிந்தாலும் கட்டெறும்பின் அளவுக்குச் சுருங்க முடியாது என்பதையும்  அனைவரும் அறிவோம்.  கழுதை, கட்டெறும்பு ஆகிய சொற்கள் மோனை (முதலெழுத்து) நயம் மட்டுமே என்றால் கழுதைக்குப் பதிலாக கரடியை கூட  சொல்லியிருக்கலாம்.    கழுதை சுமக்கும் பொதிபோன்ற பெரும் செல்வத்தையும் கட்டெறும்பு சுமக்கும் உணவு போன்ற சிறிய பொருளையும் வேண்டுமானால் ஒப்பிடலாம்.  சரியாகப் பராமரிக்கப்படாவிட்டால் எவ்வளவு பெரிய பொருட்செல்வமும் வற்றிவிடும் !  என இதன் உட்கருத்தாக கொள்ளலாம்.

Equus africanus asinus, a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae – is found in the heart of Chennai too …. In villages, it could be a common sight – a few years ago, nearer Vivekananda College in Sivasami Salai, one can find a few donkeys, an animal used extensively by launderers. A male donkey or ass is called a jack, a female a jenny or jennet.  As beasts of burden and companions, asses have worked together with humans for millennia.  Donkey’s work often goes unrecognized be it in  Office or for the original animals.

There is common belief that donkey’s milk boosts immunity in newborns; though Doctors disagree its curative property. Doctors say donkey milk is not harmful to babies, but lack of hygiene could pose the risk of infections.  Yet people do line up to buy little quantity of donkey milk and give it to children, especially new-borns.  That way, there is some demand for donkey (its milk !!)

In India, a  major reason is said to be the decline in the use of donkeys for short-distance transport as carriers or cart-pullers. The poorest donkey-rearing communities are also said to have migrated to other occupations and they are unable to provide for the donkeys any longer. Despite their dwindling numbers, donkeys continue to be deployed in large numbers in sectors such as brick kilns, construction, tourism, agriculture and transportation of goods and people. Since donkeys have mostly disappeared from Andhra Pradesh, donkeys are being brought in from Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka.



Donkeys turned viral in social media after Paki Imran made a mention.   A few days back, former  Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan was again in the news, but for the wrong reason. Clips of his podcast recording were being circulated online in which he  described his life in the United Kingdom, but a particular phrase has caught the attention of the internet. “I was very welcome in the UK but I never considered it my home. I was always a Pakistani first. A donkey doesn't turn into a zebra just because you paint stripes on it. A donkey remains a donkey," Imran was heard  saying in the now viral clip.

A Donkey Drop is a delivery bowled with a very high flight before it bounces. One of the reasons for a donkey drop is when the ball slips out of the hand of the bowler, leading to it popping up high in the air and landing in front of the batsman.

Interesting !

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
14.5.2022 

Wednesday, May 11, 2022

the joy of fountains !!

For Chennaites, it was a great respite from hot weather .. .. yesterday it rained !  .. .. and water could be seen on roads.  In the evening casual walkers of Marina beach enjoyed the fountain nearer Gandhi statue .. .. 




‘what you see with your eyes  – may  not be truly what it is !’ – Water fountain sprinkles water all around – looks so nice – as water rises and falls in an arc !  but when photographed, they seemingly are individual particles.  

For those who are good in Maths – what will be the total area around the fountain that gets wet – and what would be parameters required to calculate this – the speed of the water & … .. ……. 

A fountain, from the Latin "fons" (genitive "fontis"), meaning source or spring, is a decorative reservoir used for discharging water. It is also a structure that jets water into the air for a decorative or dramatic effect. Fountains were originally purely functional, connected to springs or aqueducts and used to provide drinking water and water for bathing and washing to the residents of cities, towns and villages. Until the late 19th century most fountains operated by gravity, and needed a source of water higher than the fountain, such as a reservoir or aqueduct, to make the water flow or jet into the air. 

Read that there is :  Bernoulli's principle? [obviously I could not understand and make out what it is].  Bernoulli's principle is a seemingly counterintuitive statement about how the speed of a fluid relates to the pressure of the fluid.    Bernoulli's principle: Within a horizontal flow of fluid, points of higher fluid speed will have less pressure than points of slower fluid speed.  So within a horizontal water pipe that changes diameter, regions where the water is moving fast will be under less pressure than regions where the water is moving slow.   

Among many other things, Rome is notable as a city of fountains. This is, in some sense, an indirect result of the physics of arches  available there. The acqueducts constructed by the Roman emperors brought so much water to the city from distant mountains that they were more than able to meet the need for drinking water and public baths. Which allowed the construction of fountains in private villas and public squares. 

The rulers who came in later, continued and expanded this idea, leading to monumental masterworks of public art like Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi in the Piazza Navona and Nicola Salvi's iconic Trevi Fountain. The latter is so famous it can be difficult to photograph for the crush of selfie-snapping tourists!!  -writes Forbes.  The appeal of public fountains goes beyond the work of the sculptors who design and carve them, though, with the water playing a critical role in the aesthetic appeal. 

The author adds : - the Piazza del Popolo in Rome- the  stream of water exits the lion's mouth as a wide continuous jet, but after some distance, the smooth sheet of water breaks up into smaller droplets. This breaking-up process leads to both of the pleasing effects of water in fountains: the pattern of breaking shifts randomly from one instant to the next, providing an ever-changing visual pattern, and that same randomness ensures that the drops splash into the basin with no particular pattern, making the pleasant "white noise" sound we associate with fountains. 

This beautiful break-up has a kind of ugly technical name in physics: it's the result of the "Plateau–Rayleigh instability".  The ultimate cause of this, though, has to do with microscopic interactions between the molecules making up the flow of water. At the surface, though, any given molecule is only half surrounded by other molecules of water. Which destroys the balance we find in the middle of the liquid, and leaves a net force pulling in toward the center of the liquid. This "surface tension" is what gives water its internal cohesion. The surface is pulled in until those molecules start to run into other molecules, which leads to an outward pressure. In the absence of any other interactions, the balance between the inward pull and outward push will shape a water drop into a sphere. 






Water being a liquid, though, a difference in pressure will cause molecules to move from high pressure to low. Which will tend to take liquid away from thin spots, making them still thinner, while thick spots get thicker.   

I am not able to understand the Science behind and the  concept, yet, it was an interesting spectacle.

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
11.5.2022

  

Keacy Carty - first player from Sint Maartin - Gujarat Titans books a slot !

The interesting IPL 2022 is in the home-bend.  Of the 74, matches, 57 are complete.  There is lot in stake for some teams. Gujarat Titans booked their spot in the playoffs in their first IPL season by comfortably defending 144 on a spinning pitch in Pune as Lucknow Super Giants collapsed to 82 all out.  Yesterday’s game was crucial for the top 2 teams – a win here sealed the spot for GT who won despite posting  the joint-lowest total batting first this season in Pune while losing only four wickets in a curious innings. 


Shubman Gill batted through the 20 overs for 63 not out off 49 balls as Titans focused on keeping wickets in hand and rotating strike after choosing to bat.  Those who criticized him as playing slowly would have understood the value of that innings when Lucknow Super Giants crumbled against spin in the chase. Rashid Khan and R Sai Kishore - the left-arm spinner from Tamil Nadu on debut for Titans - finished with combined figures of 6 for 31 from 5.5 overs as they ran through Super Giants' middle and lower order. The convincing margin between the teams dented Super Giants' net run rate and left them looking over their shoulder at Rajasthan Royals and Royal Challengers Bangalore, with their hopes of a top-two finish - and qualification for the first qualifier - taking a significant blow. Shubman Gill's unbeaten 49-ball 63 was his second straight half-century, but his approach raised a debate on the ESPNcricinfo show T20 Time:Out. On 40 off 32 at the 12-over mark with Titans on 76 for 3, Gill took another 10 balls to reach his half-century in the 17th over, having got through the stretch without looking for a single boundary-scoring option.  With all that still, Gill  ended up with a better strike rate than every other Titans batter apart from Rahul Tewatia, who finished the innings with an unbeaten 22 off 16, and Matthew Wade, who only lasted seven balls.    

Other than Sai Kishore who has represented Tamil Nadu in all 3 formats, there was Karan Sharma, a first-class captain on Ranji Trophy debut for Uttar Pradesh. Karan Sharma, 23, was brought in for his first IPL game on Tuesday in Pune. Since 2006, Karan is the first player in India to captain a top-division team on debut. The Delhi-born Karan is an allrounder who bowls handy offspin and bats in the top order. Super Giants handed Karan an IPL debut at the expense of legspinner Ravi Bishnoi.  

We grew up watching the exploits of the WI team led by Clive Lloyd, batting giants Isaac Vivian Richards, Gordon Greenidge, Desmond Haynes….Pace battery of -  Roberts, Holding, Garner, Marshall … Croft, Ambrose, Patterson, Walsh, Bishop and more…………  the team unitedly called West Indies – but representative of more Nations that dominated the Cricket world for decades.  

                 The West Indies is a region of the Caribbean Basin and North Atlantic Ocean  consisting of many islands.  Going by Worldatlas.com, the Caribbean, long referred to as the West Indies, includes more than 7,000 islands; of those, 13 are independent island countries.  WI mainly comprises of : Bahamas (north); Greater Antilles (central) & Lesser Antilles (southeast).  The Greater Antilles include the island countries of Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Hispaniola), and Puerto Rico. The Lesser Antilles are the much smaller islands to the southeast, and they are divided into two  groups, the Leeward Islands and Windward Islands.  

Keacy Uydess Carty is in news – the 25-year-old scored 57 and 49 against England in March in a test warmup game for the CWI President’s XI.  



West Indies selection process is often debatable and perhaps is primary reason for their debacle too.  New white-ball captain Nicholas Pooran will be without Jason Holder, Shimron Hetmyer and Evin Lewis during West Indies' ODI tours of Netherlands and Pakistan starting May 31. Instead, Jayden Seales, Shermon Lewis and specialist batter Keacy Carty have been included as new faces in the 15-member squad that will play the six ODIs that are part of the ODI Super League championship.  

While Hetmyer has been given a break so he can be home for the birth of his first child, a statement from Cricket West Indies said Evin Lewis was not considered since he failed to meet CWI's fitness criteria. Holder has been rested, with workload management cited as the key reason. All three are part of the ongoing IPL season even though Hetmyer recently left the tournament bubble to be with his family.  

Carty’s selection makes history as he is the first player from St. Maarten to don WI cap.    

St. Martin's history shares many commonalities with other Caribbean islands. Its earliest inhabitants were Amerindians, followed by Europeans who brought slavery to exploit commercial interests.  Sint Maarten   is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean. Sint Maarten's capital is Philipsburg. Collectively, Sint Maarten and the other Dutch islands in the Caribbean are often called the Dutch Caribbean. Before 10 October 2010, Sint Maarten was known as the Island Territory of Sint Maarten   and was one of six island territories  that constituted the Netherlands Antilles.  Sint Maarten has the status of an overseas country and territory (OCT) and is not part of the European Union.  

The island was named by Christopher Columbus in honour of St Martin of Tours, as he first sighted it on the saint's feast day on 11 November 1493. "Sint Maarten" is Saint Martin in Dutch. It is commonly believed that Christopher Columbus named the island in honor of Saint Martin of Tours when he encountered it on his second voyage of discovery. However, he actually applied the name to the island now called Nevis when he anchored offshore on November 11, 1493, the feast day of Saint Martin. The confusion of numerous poorly charted small islands in the Leeward Islands meant that this name was accidentally transferred to the island now known as Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten.  

Interesting – will Carty make a name in WI Cricket remains to be seen. 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar

11th May 2022. 

Tuesday, May 10, 2022

Indian War of Independence - this day, 165 years ago !!

 Today [10th May]  is of very great importance to the Nation – 165 years ago, the events that took place were to pave way for the Nation.   We read in our books ‘the uprising of 1857’ not as a National movement, not as a freedom struggle but as sepoy mutiny, an uprising by a group of soldiers.  ..   


We were fed a distorted history in our schools and colleges  -  ‘the uprising of 1857’ not as a National movement, not as a freedom struggle but as sepoy mutiny, only an uprising by a group of soldiers.  .. .. and Gandhiji  [Nehruji and Congressmen] got us freedom without spilling blood !! ~ British were so kind and noble that they gave freedom on a platter !!   Perhaps sons of cow belt soil would remember the movie  - Mangal Pandey - The Rising (The Rising - Ballad Of Mangal Pandey)  and the hero of the movie.   .. .. .. he was not the first man though, and Uprising – the National struggle of 1857 was not the first fight against British East India Company. 

1)   As you travel by Grand Trunk Express from New Delhi, your train halts at Raja Ki Mandi, Agra, Dholapur, Morena, Gwalior, ………. , Bina….. ~ it is 410 km from Delhi and 1770 km from Chennai….The Betwa river, a tributary of Yamuna also known as Vetravati flows here……. Know the place ??  

2)   Claude-Etienne Minié [1804-1879]   was a French Army officer famous for solving the problem of designing a reliable muzzle-loading rifle by inventing the Minié ball in 1846, and the Minié rifle in 1849.  Can you connect him to the events that occurred in India.  

3)   if you  have read History well, do you remember or know, who was the  Governor General  of British East India Co at the time of the First war of Indian Independence in 1857 ?   

On that evening of May 10, 1857, native troops of Bengal Army at Meerut broke out into open insurrection and mutineers marched with triumph towards Delhi ! .. the Britishers were not the kind cats.  Genl Neill who proceeded from Calcutta in May 1857 with a regiment to Varanasi & Allahabad had the notoriety for inflicting inhuman cruelties everywhere he went.  Though dispassionately and carefully depicted by every British historian as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ – in 1857 it was great outbreak – an uprising against domineering foreign power and their cruel ways of ruling.  Though volumes should have been written on the sacrifices during uprising, History as written by British concisely describes it as uprising in some pockets, duly extinguished by the Generals of East India Company !  

It certainly was not as simple .. .. on that significant Sunday in the month of March at the cantonment of Barrackpore, it broke out – in the sepoy lines which had been quiet – most of the sepoys were lounging around, White officers were in their bungalows enjoying their siesta -  In the late afternoon, a Sepoy of the 34th  Native Infantry, wearing his regimental jacket but in a dhoti instead of the regulation trousers, appeared before the quarter-guard. It was obvious that he was greatly agitated. He had with him a loaded musket and his talwar. He belonged to the 5th Company and his name was Mangal  Pandey.  The open insolence was not common among sepoys, and a Naik quickly carried the report of Mangal Pandey’s disorderly conduct to Sergeant-Major James Hewson.  As the sergeant-major approached Mangal Pandey, the latter took aim and fired. The ball missed Hewson who took shelter behind the bell-of-arms; couple of sepoys tried to persuade Mangal Pandey to surrender his weapons. By this time, the adjutant, Lieutenant Baugh, had arrived on horseback.  

It is the story of a hero that the Nation must be reading in School books etched in its History – the sad tale of an execution. "... Plassey had been in 1757 and in the hundredth year after the battle it seemed everyone was awaiting a spark.  It was to come in the shape of a new cartridge. The projectile for the new Enfield rifle was part of a self-contained paper cartridge that contained both ball and powder charge. It required  the end to be bitten off and the cartridge then rammed down the muzzle of the weapon. To facilitate this process the cartridge was heavily greased - with animal fat.    

The First war of Indian Independence (there had been a few uprisings earlier – aptly this may not be the first, but of a much bigger magnitude rebellion) against the invaders, who came as Traders (British East India Co)  and ruled the Nation for centuries on behalf of British Crown.    The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi. It then erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions chiefly in the upper Gangetic plain and central India.   The uprising  posed a considerable threat to British power in that region, and was contained only with their  defeat in Gwalior months later.     

After the outbreak of the mutiny in Meerut, the rebels quickly reached Delhi, the Independence fighters captured large tracts of the North-Western Provinces and Awadh (Oudh). The East India Company's response came rapidly as well. With help from reinforcements, Kanpur was retaken by mid-July 1857, and Delhi by the end of September. However, it then took the remainder of 1857 and the better part of 1858 for the rebellion to be suppressed in Jhansi, Lucknow, and especially the Awadh countryside.  It led to the dissolution of the East India Company, and forced the British to reorganize the army, the financial system, and the administration in India, through passage of the Government of India Act 1858 

1.     Jhansi

 


If you have not guessed it yet, it is Jhansi, a historic city of northern India, located in the region of Bundelkhand on the banks of the Pahuj or Pushpavati River, in the extreme south of Uttar Pradesh.  Jhansi State was a Maratha-ruled princely state in Bundelkhand. When the Raja of Jhansi died without a biological male heir in 1853, it was annexed to the British Raj by the Governor-General of India under the doctrine of lapse. His widow Rani Lakshmi Bai, the Rani of Jhansi, protested against the denial of rights of their adopted son. When war broke out, Jhansi quickly became a centre of the rebellion.   

There are many horses of valour like the famed Chetak (Rana Pratap Singh), Bucephalus (Alexander), Nelson (George Washington), Neelaveni (Desingu Maharaja) …  Jhansi ki Rani Laxmibhai is always depicted as riding a horse and fighting valiantly….. Her horses  are named as : Sarangi, Pavan and Badal; according to tradition she rode Badal when escaping from the fort in 1858.  It is reported that British forces surrounded the fort under Sir Hugh Rose who demanded surrender – Lakshmibai fought defending Jhansi but was killed in action.  According to the historical legend,  with her son  Damodar Rao on her back she jumped on her horse Badal from the fort; days later she died in the battle. Equestrian statues of Lakshmibai are seen in many places of India, which show her and her son tied to her back.   


This year (2022) – Jhansi Station was renamed as- ‘Virangana Lakshmibai’ railway station  : with  new code abbreviation VGLB against the earlier one JHS. The new numerical code of the station is 13309727. 


2.     One spark for the mutiny was the Enfield rifle.   

The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket  was a .577 calibre Minié-type muzzle-loading rifled musket, used by the British Empire from 1853 to 1867; after which many were replaced in service by the cartridge-loaded Snider–Enfield rifle. The Minié ball  is a type of hollow-based bullet designed by Claude-Étienne Minié, inventor of the French Minié rifle, for muzzleloader rifled muskets. It came to prominence in the Crimean War  and the American Civil War, where it was found to inflict significantly more serious wounds than earlier round musket balls.   

3.      Governor General of East India Co at the time of war in 1857

It was - Charles John Canning, 1st Earl Canning, KG, GCB, KSI, PC (1812 – 1862) also known as The Viscount Canning and Clemency Canning.  He was the Governor General during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became the  first Viceroy of India after the transfer of power from the East India Company to the Crown of Queen Victoria in 1858 after the rebellion was crushed.  The Indian Penal Code was drafted in 1860 based on the code drafted by Macaulay and came into force in 1862 during his regime.   Canning met the rebellion with firmness and in  1858  was rewarded with post of Viceroy.   In Apr 1859,  he received  thanks of both Houses of Parliament for his great services during the rebellion. He was also made an extra civil grand cross of the Order of the Bath, and in May of the same year he was raised to the dignity of an Earl, as Earl Canning. About a month before his death he was created a Knight of the Garter, as he died without issue the titles became extinct.  

Prior to the rebellion, Canning and his wife, Charlotte, had desired to produce a photographic survey of Indian people, primarily for their own edification. This project was transformed into an official government study and  was eventually published as an eight-volume work, The People of India, between 1868 and 1875.  

Nation today remembers the historic day of Indian Independence War against British and remembers the sons of soil, who laid down their lives for our free living.  

Jai Hind

 
With regards – S. Sampathkumar
10.5.2022. 
Pic at the start :  British reprisal execution – credit : https://www.spectator.co.uk/