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Sunday, January 16, 2022

Remembering martyr - Punjab Kesari Lala Lajpat Rai

Indian history has not accorded the right place for many a martyrs ~ not at all surprising as we read history as dictated by the British, further refined by commies – natural that many remain unsung, unknown martyrs.  Most of us do not even know that lion Lala Rajpat Rai actually succumbed to murderous attack made by British Police !!  ~  Indian freedom struggle is much much more than Gandhi, Nehru, and Congress.   

பாரத விலாஸ் 1973 ஆம் ஆண்டு வெளிவந்த தமிழ்த் திரைப்படம். ஏ.சி. திருலோகச்சந்தர் இயக்கத்தில்   சிவாஜி கணேசன், கே. ஆர். விஜயா மற்றும் பலரும் நடித்து இருந்தனர்.  மொழி இன சமய பல்வகைமை கொண்ட இந்தியாவின் ஒற்றுமையை விளக்கும் விதமாக ஒற்றை குடியிருப்பை மையமாக வைத்து மொழி இன வெறுபாடின்றி ஒற்றுமையை வலியுறுத்தும் விதமாக இதன் கதை அமைந்தது.   அப்படத்தில் திரு வாலி இயற்றி, எம்.எஸ். விஸ்வநாதன் இசையில் - டி.எம். சௌந்தரராஜன், பி. சுசீலா, எல்.ஆர்.ஈஸ்வரி, ஏ.எல். ராகவன்; திரு கே வீரமணி ஆகியோர் பாடிய பிரபல பாடல் :  

இந்திய நாடு என் வீடு - இந்தியன் என்பது என் பேரு

எல்லா மக்களும் என் உறவு - எல்லோர் மொழியும் என் பேச்சு 

இப்பாடலின் பின்பகுதியில் வரும் வரிகளில் ஒன்று :  

பஞ்சாப் சிங்கம் லாலா லஜபதி - பகத்சிங் பிறந்த பொன்நாடு

This branch of Punjab National Bank,  at Singarachari Street, Triplicane (opp to Samarao school) is quited old.  PNB as we know, is a Nationalised bank, headquartered in New Delhi and some of us may have our account here.  Not sure whether you have observed this portrait ! and thought of its history too !!   


When the Simon Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led a peaceful protest against the Commission. The superintendent of police, James A Scott, ordered his men to lathi charge the protesters. Lala Lajpat Rai was badly injured in the baton-charge but addressed a meeting later. He died on 17 November 1928.  

On 28th Jan 2022, it would be 157th birthday of this great patriot.  Lala Lajpat Rai (28.1.1865 – 17.11.1928)  popularly known as Punjab Kesari, was one of the three members of the Lal Bal Pal triumvirate.  

Rai was born on   in Agarwal Jain family, s a son of Urdu and Persian government school teacher Munshi Radha Krishna Agarwal and his wife Gulab Devi at Dhudike in Ludhiana district of Punjab. In the late 1870s, his father was transferred to Rewari, where he had his initial education in Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari, Punjab province, where his father was posted as an Urdu teacher. In 1880, Lajpat Rai joined Government College at Lahore to study law, where he came in contact with patriots and future freedom fighters, such as Lala Hans Raj and Pandit Guru Dutt. While studying at Lahore he was influenced by the Hindu reformist movement of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, became a member of existing Arya Samaj Lahore.    In 1886, he moved to Hisar practiced  law and became a founding member of the Bar council of Hisar along with Babu Churamani. In the same year he also founded the Hisar district branch of the Indian National Congress.  He was also a journalist and was a regular contributor to several newspapers including The Tribune. In 1886, he helped Mahatma Hansraj establish the nationalistic Dayananda Anglo-Vedic School, Lahore.

In 1914, he quit law practise to dedicate himself to the Indian independence movement and travelled to Britain, and then to the United States in 1917. In October 1917, he founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York.  Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal were a triumvirate of assertive nationalists in British India from 1906 to 1918. They advocated the Swadeshi movement involving the boycott of all imported items and the use of Indian-made goods in 1907.  

After joining the Indian National Congress and taking part in political agitation in Punjab, Lala Lajpat Rai was deported to Mandalay, but there was insufficient evidence to hold him for subversion.   He was elected President of the Indian National Congress in the Calcutta Special Session of 1920.  In 1921, he founded Servants of the People Society,  in Lahore. From USA, he  returned during World War I. He was imprisoned from 1921 to 1923 and elected to the legislative assembly on his release.  

In 1928, the United Kingdom set up the Simon Commission, headed by Sir John Simon to report on the political situation in India. The commission was boycotted by Indian political parties because it did not include any Indian members, and it was met with country-wide protests.  When the Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lajpat Rai led a non-violent march in protest against it and gave a slogan "Simon Go Back". The protesters chanted the slogan and carried black flags. The police superintendent in Lahore, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge the protesters and personally assaulted Rai.  Despite being severely injured, Rai subsequently addressed the crowd and said "I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nails in the coffin of British rule in India".  

In 1927, Lajpat Rai established a trust in his mother's memory to build and run a tuberculosis hospital for women, reportedly at the location where his mother, Gulab Devi, had died of tuberculosis in Lahore.  After he died arising out of the brutal attack, in 1928, Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru shot dead John Saunders, British assistant superintendent of Lahore police, avenging lathi charge of Lala Lajpat Rai.    

Recently, I was surprised to see his photo inside the Punjab National Branch at Triplicane and now read that he was associated with PNB and Lakshmi Insurance Company in their early stages in 1894.  Here is something extracted from the web page of PNB. 

                 `PNB was born on May 19, 1894. The founding board was drawn from different parts of India professing different faiths and a varied back-ground with, however, the common objective of providing country with a truly national bank which would further the economic interest of the country. The Bank opened for business on 12 April, 1895. The first Board had 7 Directors. Punjab under the British especially after annexation in 1849 witnessed a period of rapid development giving rise to a new educated class fired with a desire for freedom from the yoke of slavery. Amongst the cherished desires of this new class was also an overriding ambition to start a Swadeshi Bank with Indian Capital and management representing all sections of the Indian community. The idea was first mooted by Rai Mool Raj of Arya Samaj who, as reported by Lala Lajpat Rai, had long cherished the idea that Indians should have a national bank of their own.  

At the instance of Rai Mool Raj, Lala Lajpat Rai sent round a circular to selected friends insisting on an Indian Joint Stock Bank as the first special step in constructive Swadeshi. Lala Harkrishan Lal who had returned from England with ideas regarding commerce and industry, was eager to give them practical shape.  Lala Lajpat Rai was the first to open an account with the bank which was housed in the building opposite the Arya Samaj Mandir in Anarkali in Lahore.    Lala Lajpat Rai joined the Board of Directors soon after !


Another interesting fact is that the statue now in Shimla was originally installed in Lahore and later brought to Shimla, unveiled by Dr Gopichand Bhargava, Premier of East Punjab in 1948. 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
16th Jan 2022.  
Pic of  Lajpat Rai statue :,_Shimla_01.jpg 

can you identify this ? - ஸ்ரீரங்கத்து ______________


தலைவருக்கு அறிவு சார் கேள்வி ?  - இது என்ன ?


ஸ்ரீரங்கத்து  ______________


Photo of a piece of antiquity .. .. identify what this is ? (photo cropped) – taken at Sri MA Narasimhan’s collections !!


Ans:  Not sure whether it got represented properly in that cropped photo ! – it was massive in size ! 

ஸ்ரீரங்கத்து அரிவாள்மனை !  (தேங்காய் துருவி) – user would keep a plantain leaf on the curvature and grate coconut

Saturday, January 15, 2022

பொங்கலோ பொங்கல் ~ மாட்டு பொங்கல் 2022

பொங்கலோ பொங்கல் ~ மாட்டு பொங்கல் ~ thanking cattle for the harvest 2022 

During my school days, on this day, I would plead with my mother, take permission to sit on the doorstep of our TP Koil Street house watching those lovely  cows of Triplicane and wondering the affection and warmth showered on them by the people.    

Today, 15th Jan 2022  ~ is a day of special significance. After Bhogi and Makara Sankranthi [Pongal], today is dedicated to the cattle popularly known as ‘Mattu Pongal’.  A day celebrating the cattle, particularly cows and bulls that play a vital role by working hard to help the farmers to raise crops on their fields.  The festival is an occasion when the fresh harvests from the fields are shared in the form of food and sweets not only with the community but also with animals and birds.  

It sounds too eerie !  - a new wave of cow-less dairy is hitting the market. In the United States, Perfect Day is using genetically modified fungi to produce milk protein for ice cream at a commercial scale. And pre-commercial companies, like TurtleTree and Better Milk, are engineering mammary cells to produce human and cow milk in laboratories, although these remain in the early stages of development.  It might be some time before mammal-less dairy arrives in Canadian grocery stores. But these emerging technologies are part of the fourth agricultural revolution that aims to improve food security, sustainability and agricultural working conditions. With these promises for wins on the horizon, should the diary sector be worried?  

Cellular agriculture makes biologically equivalent or near-equivalent foods to those produced with animals. This is different from plant-based meat and dairy alternatives, such as Beyond Burgers and oat milk, which use plant ingredients that approximate their non-vegetarian counterparts.  One approach is to use advanced fermentation, where yeasts, fungi and bacteria are genetically modified to produce proteins. The approach is similar to brewing beer, but with highly specialized micro-organisms that follow instructions that have been added to their genetic code.  

Thousands of miles away lies – Iceland, a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic. Dec is coldest month in Chennai and some thoughts on Iceland’s winter where the cold season starts at the end of October, following the old Norse calendar. This calendar only consists of two seasons, winter and summer. There are 26 weeks of winter in Iceland, and 26 weeks of summer.  The first day of summer is a national holiday – who would care that it’s below 10 °C and snowing?  Iceland too has cows ! ~ how would the cattle survive such freezing and long winter ?  Farmers keep the cows inside a cowshed during winter and feed them with hay and feedstuff.  The cows can come out and walk on fields only in the Spring.  It is all automated milking system as farmers use robotic milking, which means that the cows live mostly free during the summer. They can decide when they want to be outside or inside and also when they want to milk them self.  

India is the famed land of Ramayana & Mahabaratha.  Great preceptors Shankara, Ramanujacharya, Madwacharya,  Gautama Buddha & Mahaveera  taught peace and patience –Western World, would try depicting  it is a land of snake-charmers, a place where one would encounter cruelty and people are barbaric.  There is no matador spiking the bull or 'Toro Jubilo' where bull is caked in dry mud having fireworks attached to its horns – what right they have in trying to depict us having our bulls and cows, which are worshipped here.  Sadly, there has been developing  a big Urban rural disconnect – the modern day youngsters see rice only in boiled form on their plate, perhaps not knowing how it is cultivated and how the animals have been  so intertwined with people.  Triplicane, the famed land of Sri Parthasarathi is different – you see so many cows on the road and today is special to them.  

At Thiruvallikkeni as in other divyadesams, Adhyayana uthsavam is now on. On day 8 of Irapathu – it is ‘Rajamannar thirukolam’  .. it is but natural – Krishna was the King of cowherds and Sri Parthasarathi  in His natural self…as  Rajamannar, blessed  His bakthas.  The whip and the crowning glory were of unparalleled beauty – one could also notice the small calf at His lovely feet and the beautiful cow behind Him. 

Cow shout ‘maa’ (moo in English) but actually Cows make  several different sounds including mooing, bellowing, snorting and grunting, and they use these noises for different things.  It’s hard for humans to decipher these cow calls, but a new study shows that our bovine buddies communicate using unique voices, which remain consistent across a range of emotional circumstances. Previous research has shown that mothers and calves show individuality in their vocalizations, helping moms recognize babies’ calls, and vice versa. But Alexandra Green, a PhD student at the University of Sydney’s School of Life and Environmental Sciences, wondered whether cows also display unique voices in other aspects of their lives. So she headed to a free-range farm on the university’s campus, equipped with headphones and a shotgun mic.  

Green spent five months hanging out with a herd of Holstein-Friesian heifers, capturing their moos and lows. In total, Green and her colleagues recorded 333 high-frequency vocalizations from 13 heifers, none of which had been pregnant. The calls were collected during a number of different situations, like when the cows were in heat and when they were anticipating a tasty meal, which the researchers identified as “positive” contexts. Calls were also collected when the animals were denied food, when they were physically isolated from their fellow herd members, and when they were both physically and visually isolated from the rest of the herd, which the researchers identified as “negative” contexts. Using acoustic analyses programs, the researchers determined that the cows maintained individual vocal cues, whether they were communicating arousal, excitement or distress. It is “highly likely,” the study authors write, that cows are able to recognize other members of their herd through these calls.   

Here are some photos of the cows of Thiruvallikkeni  decorated and paraded on roads, with people offering them sweets and their owners some money.  It is sharing of happiness everywhere.  

பொங்கலோ பொங்கல் ~ மாட்டு பொங்கல் - நம் கால்நடைகளை பேணுவோம்.

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
15th Jan 2022 

'குங்குமப்பூவே ! கொஞ்சும் புறாவே !"

கருங்குயில் குன்றத்து கொலை - என்ன என்பது தெரியாமல் போகலாம்.  சந்திரபாபு பாடி ஆடிய 'குங்குமப்பூவே ! கொஞ்சும் புறாவே !" அறியாத தமிழ் திரைப்பட ரசிகர்கள் இலர். 


SM ஸ்ரீராமுலு நாயுடு எழுதி, இயக்கி, தயாரித்து 1959ல்  வெளியிட்ட இப்படத்தில் - சந்திரபாபு, சிவாஜி கணேசன், பத்மினி நடித்து இருந்தனர்.  


குங்குமப் பூவே கொஞ்சும் புறாவே

தங்கமே உன்னைக் கண்டதும்  இன்பம் பொங்குது தன்னாலே

"கொக்கு பறக்குதடி பாப்பா, வெள்ளைக் கொக்கு பறக்குதடி"- Viswanatha Das

இன்றைய படம் ஒரு கொக்கு - உடனே மனதில் கொக்கு சைவ கொக்கு என சினிமா பாடலை முணுமுணுக்க வேண்டாம் !  -  "கொக்கு பறக்குதடி பாப்பா, வெள்ளைக் கொக்கு பறக்குதடி"-  என்ற பாடல் தெரியுமா ! இதுகாறும் கேட்டுள்ளீர்களா ?? எனக்கு தெரியாது ! ஆனால்  இவை போன்றவையே நாம் சரித்திர புத்தகங்களில் படித்து இருக்க வேண்டும் - ஏனெனில்  இதை பாடியவர், 52 வயதில்  29 முறை நம் தேசத்திற்காக  சிறை சென்றவர்.

நம் நாடு சுதந்திரம் பெற தங்களை முழுமையாக அர்ப்பணித்த தியாகிகளில் குறிப்பிடத் தக்கவர் அமரகவி தியாகி விஸ்வநாததாஸ்.  தன்னுடைய சிந்தனை, சொல், செயல் அனைத்துமே நாட்டின் நலனுக்கு என வாழ்ந்தவர். சங்கரதாஸ் சுவாமிகளால்,  “நாடக உலகின் இமயமலை“ என்றும் சிறப்பிக்க பட்டவர்.  

ஒருசமயம் நெல்லை சீமையிலே - வள்ளி திருமண நாடகத்தில் 'கொக்கு பறக்குதடி பாப்பா'  பாடலைப் பாடுகிறார் விஸ்வநாததாஸ்.  உடனே  மேடைக்கு வந்த போலீஸ் ஆங்கில அரசுக்கு எதிராகப் பாடியதால் உங்களைக் கைது செய்கிறோம் எனக் கூறினார்கள். யாருக்கு வாரண்ட் எனக் கேட்க விஸ்வநாததாசுக்கு என காவலர்கள் பதிலளித்தனர். இந்தப் பாடலைப் பாடியது நான் இல்லை; முருகப் பெருமான் வேடன் ரூபத்தில் வந்து பாடினார், எனவே முருகப்பெருமான் பேரில் வாரண்ட் கொண்டு வாருங்கள் என்று விஸ்வநாததாஸ் கூறினாராம்.   

பட்டாசு சிவகாசி ஊரில், ஜூன்  16, 1886 ஆம் ஆண்டு சுப்ரமணியம் - ஞானாம்பாள் தம்பதிக்கு மூத்த மகனாக  பிறந்தார். குரல் வளமும், கலை ஆர்வமும் கொண்டிருந்ததால், மேடை நாடகத்தின்பால் ஈர்க்கப்பட்டார். ஆரம்ப காலங்களில் புராண நாடகங்களில் பக்திப்பாடல்களை மட்டுமே பாடி வந்த இவர் தூத்துக்குடியில்  காந்தியடிகளைச் சந்தித்த பின்னர் காங்கிரஸ் இயக்கத்தில் இணைந்தார். தெய்வ பக்தியோடு தேசபக்தியும் ஓங்கும் பாடல்களை பாடினார்.  

"கதர் கப்பல் தோணுதே', "கரும்புத்தோட்டத்தில் போலீஸ் புலிக்கூட்டம், நம் மீது போட்டு வருது கண்ணோட்டம்” என்பனவும் இவர் மேடையில் பாடிய தேசப்பற்றுப் பாடல்கள். "வெள்ளைக்கொக்கு பறக்குதடி பாப்பா.... அதை கோபமின்றி கூப்பிடடி பாப்பா என்ற பாடல் வரிகள் தியாகி விசுவநாததாசை என்றும் நினைவு படுத்துபவை. அவரது பாடல்கள், காங்கிரஸ் கட்சியின் விடுதலை போராட்டங்களில் பரவலாக பயன்படுத்தப்பட்டன. ஜாலியன் வாலாபாக் சம்பவத்தையடுத்து அவர் எழுதிய, ‘பஞ்சாப் படுகொலை பாரில் கொடியது’ என்ற பாடல் விடுதலை போராட்டத்தில் முக்கிய இடம் பிடித்தது. புராண நாடகங்களின் வாயிலாக விடுதலை அரசியலை புகுத்தியது இவரது சிறப்பம்சம் என்று ஆய்வாளர்களால் பாராட்டப்படுகிறது.  

''கொக்கு பறக்குதடி பாப்பா – நீயும் கோபமின்றிக் கூப்பிடடி பாப்பா!! கொக்கென்றால் கொக்கு கொக்கு –அது நம்மைகொல்ல வந்த கொக்கு வர்த்தகம் செய்ய வந்த கொக்கு -நமது வாழ்க்கையைக் கெடுக்க வந்த கொக்கு! அக்கரைச் சீமைவிட்டு வந்து - இங்கே கொள்ளை அடிக்குதடி பாப்பா!"  கொக்கு அந்த வெள்ளை கொக்கு” என்று பாடியவுடன் எழுந்த  மக்களின் கைதட்டல்களால் அரங்கம் அதிரும், கோஷங்கள் முழங்கும்.  பிரிட்டிஷ் அதிகாரிகள் வெறுப்படைந்தனர். பாடல்கள், காவல்துறையின் நெஞ்சைத் துளைத்தது. விஸ்வநாததாஸ் மேடைகளில் தொடர்ந்து ராஜத் துரோக பாடலைப் பாடி வருகிறார். அவ்வாறு பாடுவதை அவர் நிறுத்த வேண்டும், இனி விஸ்வநாததாஸ் ஆங்கிலேயரைத் தாக்கியோ அல்லது இந்திய விடுதலை பற்றியோ மேடைகளில் பாடக் கூடாது என தடையாணை பிறப்பித்தது ஆங்கிலேய அரசு.  

எதற்கும் அஞ்சாமல்,  “போலீஸ் புலிக்கூட்டம் நம்மேல் போட்டு வருகிறது கண்ணோட்டம்” என்று பாடி ஆங்கில அரசை அதிர வைத்தார். இதனால் விஸ்வநாததாஸ் கைது செய்யப்பட்டு சிறையிலடைக்கப்பட்டார். அவர் சிறையில் இருக்கும்பொழுது அவரின் மூத்த மகன் சுப்பிரமணிய தாஸ் மேடைகளில் தேசபக்திப் பாடல்களைத் தொடர்ந்து பாடினார். மகனையும் கைது செய்தனர். அப்பொழுதுதான் திருமணமாகியிருந்த சுப்பிரமணியதாஸிடம், “இனிமேல் தேச விடுதலை பற்றி எந்த மேடையிலும் பேச மாட்டேன், பாட மாட்டேன் என்று எழுதிக் கொடுத்தால் உன்னை விடுதலை செய்கிறோம்'' என்றனர் ஆங்கில அதிகாரிகள். தனது தந்தையிடம் இது பற்றிக் கருத்து கேட்டபோது கோபத்தோடு வெடித்த விஸ்வநாததாஸ், “மகனே! நீ மன்னிப்புக் கேட்டு மானமிழந்து மனைவியுடன் வாழ்வதைவிட சிறையிலேயே மாவீரனாகச் செத்துவிடு” என்று கடிதம் அனுப்பினார்.  

இவரின் நாடகங்களுக்கு அரசு விதித்த தடையை மீறி சிறைத் தண்டனைப் பெற்றவர். ஒத்துழையாமை இயக்கத்தில் கலந்துகொண்டு சிறைவாசம் சென்றவர். இவர் திருமங்கலம் வட்ட காங்கிரஸ் கமிட்டியிலும், மதுரை ஜில்லா போர்டிலும், காங்கிரஸின் சார்பில் உறுப்பினராக இருந்தவர். வேடம் தரிப்பதற்கான உடைகளையும், கதர்த் துணியிலேயே தயாரித்து அணிந்து நடந்தவர்.   

1940 ஆம் ஆண்டு திசம்பர் 31,  54ஆவது வயதில்,  வள்ளி திருமண நாடகத்தில், முருகனாக நடித்தார். மயில் மேல் அமர்ந்து கொண்டு, "கொக்கு பறக்குதடி பாப்பா, வெள்ளைக் கொக்கு பறக்குதடி" என்று பாடினார்.  அவர் பாடலைத் தணிக்கை செய்யவும், அவர் பாட தடை விதிக்கவும், ஆங்கிலேய போலீஸ் அதிகாரிகள் காத்திருந்தார்கள். நாடகம் முடியட்டும், அவரைக் கைது செய்யலாம் என்றிருந்தார்கள். முருகன் வேடமிட்ட தாஸ், ஆவேசமாக, அரக்கர்களை ஏசுவதைப் போல, ஆங்கிலேயர்களை வசை பாட ஆரம்பித்தார். கூட்டம் ஆர்ப்பரித்தது.  அய்யகோ முருகன் அப்படியே மயில் மேல் சிலையாக இருந்தார். ஆம்! மயில் மேல் அமர்ந்து தேசபக்தி பாடல்களைப் பாடிக்கொண்டிருக்கும்பொழுதே அவரின் உயிர் பிரிந்தது. . "என் உயிர் நாடக மேடையிலேயே போக வேண்டும்" என்ற அவரது விருப்பத்தைக் கடவுள் நிறைவேற்றி வைத்து விட்டார்.  

நமது தேச சுதந்திரம் எண்ணற்ற தியாகிகளின் உயிர் பலியாலும், ஆங்கிலேயரின் அடக்கு முறையில்  பிளந்த மண்டைகள் - கொட்டிய ரத்தங்களாலும், போராட்டங்களாலும் - மக்கள் எழுச்சியாலும், 1940களில் இரண்டாம் உலகப்போரின் பின்விளைவுகளாலும் - நாம் இதுகாறும் நினைத்தும் பார்த்திராத எண்ணற்றோரின் தியாகங்களும் கிடைத்தது.  கத்தியின்றி, இரத்தமின்றி சும்மா கிடக்கவில்லை.  

ஒவ்வொரு தேசமும் தனது பாரம்பரியத்திலும், தனது மாந்தோரின் வீர தீர பராக்கிரமங்களிலும் பெருமை கொள்ளல் வேண்டும் - அதற்கு முதல்படி - அத்தகையோரை நினைவு கூறுதல் .. .. இந்த கொக்கின் மூலம் அய்யா விஸ்வநாத தாஸ் அவர்களுக்கு என் அஞ்சலி, மரியாதைகள், சமர்ப்பிக்கின்றேன்.

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
15th Jan 2022. 
Biblio : Photo: Wikipedia; 

Thursday, January 13, 2022

Rishab Pant on a song at Capetown !!

Capetown is interestingly poised !  .. .. at tea on day 3 – 3 innings completed, South Africa set a target of 210!  .. .. easy, hard, impossible – time will tell. 

Sunil Gavaskar’s words on Rishab Pant and his statement that coach Rahul Dravid too would have given him a dressing keeps reverberating !  .. this morning India started at 57/2.  The man with rocksolid defence Cheteshwar Pujara and Virat Kohli batting and with Mumbaikar, solid defender Ajinkya Rahane to follow. 


You need to hear the commentary -  Pujara hung loose but was taken by a brilliant catch by Petersen ! having scored 9; Ajinkya Rahane was not given out by the Umpire – Rabada bowled a pearl that shot up awkwardly took the glove, keeper leapt high further lobbed it and Dean Elgar at 1st slip alertly caught it.  So the failures are not of the batsman but good bowling and catching !    yet another batting collapse when Pant took the guard ! 58/4 – Pant must bat responsibly, curb his natural instinct and not throw out his wicket as he often does, was the comment !!! – at the other end Virat Kohli did a Pujara stoutly defending everything that came his way – ended up making 29 of 143 ! – 1,7,5,0,0,2 -  (Rahane, Ashwin, Thakur, Umesh Yadav, Shami & Bumrah) – and still if the score is 198 all out – all because of a resolute immaculate high impact century by Rishab Pant – what in innings it was.  

Only recently, Rishabh Pant became the fourth Indian wicketkeeper to take 100 catches in the longest format of the game.  .. ..  Critics bounce to criticize him for gifting his wicket, playing rash strokes – today too, he did everything typical of him.  Jumping out alike to pacers and spinners, trying to reverse sweep, trying to hit through cover running for a half-run in that direction, bat flying off his hand .. .. by in between the anarchy – there were classy hits that dented the pride of many a bowlers.   He was aggressive and attractive as he took well planned risks  at Newlands today. 

Rishab Pant gleefully took on   spinner Keshav Maharaj despite a fielder on the boundary, clearing the boundary without much discomfort.  He played some stunning shots including that one off Duanne Olivier, swipe over longon boundary, followed with another 4 next delivery.   .. .. and today he completed a masterly stroke-filled 100 not out against quality opposition on a deteriorating pitch, which was to the dislike of every other batsman -  a real  jaw-dropping daredevilry.   He  attempted an audacious reverse scoop to the 6'8" Marco Jansen and Hashim Amla, on the broadcast, said "I would have loved to have seen that come off".  Pant was  such a thrillingly free spirit that everyone fell  in love with him.

That marks his 4th test century, a lone battle coming off 133 balls, could have done even earlier, as he tried shielding the bowlers – got to the milestone and Indians were all out immediately.   With this, Pant became the first wicketkeeper from India to score a Test century in South Africa. Before him, the record for the highest individual score by an Indian wicketkeeper against Proteas belonged to MS Dhoni, who hit 90 against South Africa in Centurion in 2010/11.  Pant has a test hundred in England, in Australia and in South Africa. 

He has steered India to safety and hopefully the bowlers cash in to make this historic Series. 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
13th Jan 2022. 

Tailorbird ..... Taylor, who ??

Possibly one of the first English words that we (Tamil medium folks)  started using was Tailor .. .. .. there were so many tailor shops – on the compound of Sri Parthasarathi swami temple, at Peyalwar koil street – there was a small 8 x 6 shop – Jupiter Tailors at Big Street / Alangatha pillai St was much bigger ! – VIP tailors was a famous name – and in 1980s a well dressed bearded Cheenu stitched his pant for Rs.100/- - we spoke about that !! 

After learning the English word for the person who stitches clothes as Tailor, we developed doubt on whether it is ‘Taylor’ or ‘Tailor’ and one Prof told me that Taylor is a name; Tailor is a profession !  .. .. ?!? – perhaps some Spanish/ Latin  connection.  "Taylor" is a proper noun which is often translated as "Taylor", and "tailor" is a noun which is often translated as "el sastre".  A tailor helps make your clothes fit you better. The word tailor comes from the Latin taliare, meaning "to cut." A tailor is someone who cuts and adjusts your clothing to better fit. When you tailor a jacket, you have it taken in to better suit your physique. 

Read that  letter Y was at one time far more commonly used where we nowadays would use the letter I. The reason we now use I is because, in the course of the Nineteenth Century, scholarship about words improved dramatically, and scholars discovered that lots of these words they had been spelling with a Y came originally from Latin, which had really used an I; and which had only used Y for words of Greek origin. 

Down under, when India played Aussie in finals of ODI championship, Krish Srikkanth was brilliantly caught by a jumping Peter Taylor – Taylor who ? .. .. had read that the man  answered the car-phone, he  had just begun a 650km drive to visit family in Sydney. Their 18-year-old son Charlie was making his way in grade cricket as an offspinner for Northern District, where Peter had played.Peter grew up in Sydney. His family owned a car dealership, but, uninterested in selling cars, he studied agricultural science at the University of Sydney. He hoped one day to become a farmer. He had been an outstanding junior cricketer, at the same time as Allan Border, and when the new of his selection was made known to him – he expected it to be  Mark Taylor and asked ‘Taylor-who ?’. 

His final Test was against India, at the MCG in 1991. He was replaced by Shane Warne for the Sydney Test.  Taylor later  bought a wheat and cotton property outside Moree, which he still farms, and has since developed a cattle property at Inverell. For a while in the late 1990s he was an Australian selector. 

This Taylor is not the subject matter of the post – but someother Tailor, a bird ! 

In serene atmosphere, you hear them loud .. . chirpy and in a trice, they fly away ! flirting between trees and shrubs … found hard to capture them on lens.   They make an intriguing quirk   Understand them to be ‘common tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius)’,  a songbird found across tropical Asia. Popular for its nest made of leaves "sewn" together and immortalized by Rudyard Kipling as Darzee in his Jungle Book. 

Yesterday was able to capture some clicks of the chirpy bird !!  

Away from Mark Taylor, Ross Taylor, little known Peter Taylor, Sarah Taylor [the wicketkeeper batswoman, played for Sussex alongside men too]………….the local Tailor was the person who made and altered clothing for men and women…. while ‘women’s tailor’ still exist – the men’s tailors are fast vanishing in city.  


Just into the new year of 1987, Dirk Wellham and Peter Taylor were  driving back down the freeway to Sydney together after playing for New South Wales against Tasmania in Newcastle. Peter Taylor had taken just one wicket: Neville Jelich, caught by a young, highly regarded Mark Taylor, who was being talked about as a future Test opener and Test captain, the way Prime Minister Bob Hawke had once been talked about as a future leader.  Holiday-makers woke up  to huge newspaper headlines: "Peter Who?" Channel Nine's Morning Show host Steve Liebmann went on to tell  the slow-rising nation that his producers are trying to find out who Peter Taylor is, and where he lives.  .. .. and by the time  Peter Taylor got up at Sydney, there were  well-dressed reporters and outside-broadcast crews with satellite dishes on his footpath. He played 13 Tests and 83 ODIs for Australia. 

More than the stunning catch I saw him take, I am happy with the catch of Tailorbird featured here at the start. 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
13th Jan 2022
Peter taylor photo : © Popperfoto/Getty Images

Wednesday, January 12, 2022

waves ! - did your mind think of Corona ??


Keep a positive outlook .. .. waves, does not necessarily depress you .. .. it need not be associated with recurrent Corona .. 

முதல் அலை, இரண்டாம் அலை, மூன்றாம் அலை .. .. அலையலையாக .. .. அழகழகாக !!


Keep your mind away from negative thoughts – In Physics, Mathematics, and related fields, a wave is a propagating dynamic disturbance (change from equilibrium) of one or more quantities, sometimes as described by a wave equation. 

To us – it simply is what is seen in Ocean – at Bay of Bengal ! and other seas – the  ocean is never still.   Waves are created by energy passing through water, causing it to move in a circular motion. However, water does not actually travel in waves. Waves transmit energy, not water, across the ocean and if not obstructed by anything, they have the potential to travel across an entire ocean basin.  Waves are most commonly caused by wind. Wind-driven waves, or surface waves, are created by the friction between wind and surface water.  

Tuesday, January 11, 2022

vilified by Sunil - Rishab Pant, actually is a better batter than !!

Cape Town  is the second-most populous city in South Africa,  after Johannesburg, and the provincial capital and primate city of the Western Cape.  As the seat of the National Parliament, it is also the legislative capital of the country.  The city is famous for its harbour, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region, as well as for such well-known landmarks as Table Mountain and Cape Point. The city was named the World Design Capital for 2014 by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design.  In 2014, Cape Town was named the best place in the world to visit by both The New York Times and The Telegraph. Cape Town was first developed by the Dutch East India Company as a  supply station for Dutch ships sailing to East Africa, India, and the Far East. 

The prime  suspect in a fire that gutted parts of South Africa's 138-year-old parliament building this month has been charged with terrorism, appearing in court for a case officials have described as an attack on the country's democracy. Zandile Mafe, 49, had already been charged with arson in connection with the fire that started on January 2, but the additional charge of terrorism was added because he had also been caught with an explosive device, the prosecution said. 

The blaze caused the roof of the newer part of the building to collapse, and also damaged the Old Wing dating back to 1884, when the Cape was under British colonial rule. Built in the ornate Victorian neo-classical style, against the backdrop of Table Mountain, the stately red-and-white parliament building is also one of Cape Town's tourist draws. Some sections containing important heritage, like a museum with artworks, were saved, however. The case was adjourned until February 11 and Mafe ordered to be detained in a psychiatric institute, after pleas from his defence council that he suffers from mental illness. Dozens of protesters gathered outside the court building in central Cape Town, saying Mafe was innocent. 

Moving away to our area of interest – the 3rd test at Capetown – Virat Kohli won the toss and chose to bat.  Against some tight  bowling KL Rahul (12); Mayank Agarwal (15) did not prosper; Pujara made 43; Ajinkya Rahana failed again (9) and at tea – Indians were 141/4 with Virat Kohli unbeaten on 40 and Rishab Pant on 12* 

Rishab Pant is a chirpy wicketkeeper – has taken some classy catches – may not be equipped with best defence but makes runs, makes them in aggressive fashion, when most needed and already part of some historic wins finishing with his batting.  .. .. he failed in the 2nd Test and a furious Gavaskar was harsh on him.  That sounds good Cricketing sense ! - 

"You have got two new batsmen at the crease and then you saw that shot from Rishabh Pant. Forgettable, no excuses for that shot, no excuses. None of that nonsense about that being his natural game. There has to be some sense of responsibility shown. Because there are others taking the blows. There is guys like Rahane and Pujara who have taken it on their body. So you also fight it out," a miffed Gavaskar said on commentary. 

He went on to add that there won't be "any kind words" for Pant in the dressing room too. India were down to 167/5 at the time of Pant's dismissal, with an overall lead  of just 140 runs. Sunil Gavaskar  slammed Rishabh for nonsense shot -  no doubt the little Master was very strong in defence and scored runs 10000 of them but wears his bias on his sleeve all the time !! – anyone for that matter holding a brief for Cheteswar Pujara and more so for Ajinkya Rahane, while criticizing Pant for that singular shot.  An analysis of the nucleus of Indian team in last years shows : 


Career Average

Average in last 2 years




KL Rahul



Cheteshwar Pujara



Ajinkya Rahane



Virat Kohli






Rishab Pant



Ravichandran Ashwin




-      The 24 year old has just completed 100 catches joining the elite list of Kirmani, Kiran More & MS Dhoni.  Dhoni took 36 games to effect 100 dismissals while Pant managed to do it in ten fewer matches. 

-      Those remembering Cricket history will remember another particular shot

legendary Kapil Dev was dropped for a single shot ! (and Sunil Gavaskar was the Captain then) 

In Dec 1984, Test no. 1007 between England and India ended a dull draw. Mohd Azharuddin made his debut, scored a century; Ravi Shastri also scored a ton – as India declared at 437/7 in 200 overs.   England captained by David Gower were all out for 276 with Chetan Sharma and Shivlal Yadav taking 4 apiece. In the 2nd innings India played 18 overs and made 29 for 1. 

That Test was a different kind of turmoil  – India had won the 1st Test at Bombay thanks to debutant L Sivaramakrishnan taking 12 wickets.  In the 2nd at Delhi,  India scored  307 in the first innings, Kapil Dev top-scoring with 60; England replied with 418.  Indians had to play for a draw as wished by the then Captain Sunil Gavaskar; the ebullient  Kapil Dev, having just hit Pat Pocock for a six,  was caught in the deep in trying to repeat the shot.  India folded; England won the test.  Gavaskar was furious and the greatest allrounder of Indian cricket was unceremoniously dropped for the Calcutta Test ~ yes dropped.  The greatest allrounder was punished for one shot !   .. .. .. and there were strong comments that he had been prevented from making another record of continuous test appearances held by Gavaskar at that time. 

Commentary is an art – and those holding mike can glorify or bury a player !


With regards – S. Sampathkumar
11th Jan 2022