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Tuesday, August 16, 2022

celebrating Indian Independence - buildings illuminated

Visitors to Chennai for sure, would be captivated by the winding road along the beach – Kamarajar Salai aka the Beach Road that has  Marina beach too  .. .. there are so many statues, of which our hero Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar stands infront of a famous red building.  




Mount stuart Elphinstone Grant Duff, the governor of Madras from 1881 to 1886, conceived and built the promenade along the beach in 1884 by extensively modifying and layering with soft sand. He also gave it the name Madras Marina ~  since the early 19th  century, a number of public buildings were constructed fronting the beach.  That beautiful building infront of Mahakavi statue is that of PWD (Public Works Department).   It  is the oldest department in Tamil Nadu, founded during British Raj during 1800. It became a government body in 1858.  The Public Works Department is entrusted with the construction and maintenance of buildings for most of the government departments and public undertakings, and the construction of bridges, roads, and infrastructure.  

The Public Works Department of Tamil Nadu  was established in the year 1858 by Lord Dalhousie has corssed 150 years now.  The  department has over the years, undergone several structural and organizational changes to be in tune with changes in the political and administrative systems and with pace and orientation in the developmental activities.  The Madras Public Works Department was formed in the year 1858 under one Chief Engineer with three Inspecting Engineers, twenty District Engineers,       seventy-eight Executive Engineers and Assistant Engineers, two hundred and four Upper Subordinates and seven hundred and fourteen Lower Subordinates. The revival of "Coodimaramut" or unpaid village labour of ryots was brought about by legal enactment.  Through the years of evolution, the administration of the Department and the Engineering Services in general has been well streamlined.  



During the post-independent period, on account of enormous developmental schemes under the Five Year Plans and remarkable increase in the construction activities, it was necessary for the Public Works Department to shed some of its responsibilities to be taken over by independent organizations and this necessity started even as early as in 1946.   

The Public Works Department through its long innings of 150 years has created invaluable capital assets including irrigation infrastructure in the form of dams, reservoirs, tanks canals etc. A few of these are the Dams, Reservoirs and anicuts like Mettur, Bhavani, Manimuthar, Amaravathi, Vaigai, Parambikulam, Sathanur, Palar, Ponnai, Tirukoilur, Srivaikundam etc; Buildings like Presidency College, University Senate House, High Court, Madras Law College,  District Courts, Collectorates, Hospitals, etc. and other monumental buildings.   

Ahead of the Independence Day,[Azadi ka Amrit Mahothsav]  monuments and landmark buildings across the country, such as the Parliament House and Gateway of India, have been  illuminated with colours of the National flag of India. 

It was interesting to see this evening,  PWD department too decorated with tri-colours and illuminated with lights !  




Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya KCIE, FASc (1861 – 1962)  the brilliant engineer,  the man behind Krishnaraja sagar dam, 19th  Diwan of Mysore, recipient of Bharat Ratna, knighted as a Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V for his contributions to the public good,  took a job with the PWD of Bombay and later was invited to join the Indian Irrigation Commission. 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
16th Aug 2022. 

Azadi ka Amrit mahotsav ! - SYMA celebrations 2022

 The most important thing in life is ‘*freedom*’ – celebrating 75 years of Indian freedom – *Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav* 

As we at SYMA are celebrating the spirit of Independence, was amazed and awe-struck by the person(s) in the photo here .. 

If you wish to read further do respond with 1 – will share further tomorrow !!




 

Thursday, August 11, 2022

har ghar Triranga ! - New India at SYMA Growth

*Har ghar Triranga !*  .. @ *SYMA Growth* 

New India Assurance Officials, Chennai RO interacted with SYMA growth students this evening and presented them National flag and some educational gift.




 


Wednesday, August 10, 2022

SYMA - 45 years of service to Society

 The magnificent edifice of Srinivas Youngmens Association (SYMA) bedecked and illuminated 

We are celebrating Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav on a bigger way with an exhibition on India’s freedom struggle. 

Aug 15 also marks 45 years of SYMA – service to society – from a small 270 SFT place marching to multi-speciality.  

More details will follow  .. .. 




Monday, August 8, 2022

the keyboards ~ asdfgf ;lkjhj to ............ MS folding keyboard


What was your first Mobile phone ?  Remember the rugged Nokia 5110  with excellent battery life; it  featured a 84 by 48 pixel monochrome LCD with four LED back lights.  It was discontinued  in 2001, replaced by other smaller and lighter devices. One of the models I bought was ‘Nokia 3310’ a GSM mobile launched in Sept. 2000.  The phone sold extremely well.  All these phones had only Num keypad- where  3 alphabets were assigned to a number  - for example a,b,c were assigned to no. 2.  Still people could type messages faster and compile longer messages too ! 

“asdfgf     ;lkjhj” – – nothing hard to decipher – every Typist started their first lesson in typing – it is primarily the middle row of the typewriter and typing this initiated the acclimatisation with the keyboard.  Later day mobiles too had keyboards in this pattern, enabling typists to type their messages faster.   Every  keyboard typically has characters engraved or printed on the keys and each press of a key typically corresponds to a single written symbol. However, to produce some symbols requires pressing and holding several keys simultaneously or in sequence. While most keyboard keys produce letters, numbers or signs (characters), other keys or simultaneous key presses can produce actions or execute computer commands.

In  typewriters, the pressing of keyboard was physical – every press corresponded with the movement of a rod that would move to etch an impression on the paper through a ribbon.  In normal usage, the keyboard is used as a text entry interface to type text and numbers into a word processor, text editor or other programs. In a modern computer, the interpretation of key presses is generally left to the software. A computer keyboard distinguishes each physical key from every other and reports all key presses to the controlling software.

A few years back, came the touch screens where users can manipulate by a touch on the icon rather than typing a key or giving a command.  Away, ‘Keys’  is a MIDI keyboard, built with aspiring piano students in mind. The company's first music tech creation was the gTar, a light-em-up, button-mashing "guitar" that was a hybrid between a Guitar Hero controller and a glorified iPhone dock. Three years later, the gTar's creators are applying the same philosophy to keyboards.

In the ever changing techno World, comes Microsoft’s $100 folding keyboard that can connect to any phone or tablet.  A team of designers has created a folding keyboard that fits easily in a pocket and contains eight so-called 'ultra smart' keys that cover all 26 letters of the alphabet. TextBlade uses software mapping to recognise and learn which keys the user is typing, and this is said to offer the same full spacing as on a standard desktop keyboard.   MailOnline in Barcelona reports that Microsoft’s universal foldable keyboard would go  on sale in July this year.  It was unveiled at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona.  The wireless board connects via Bluetooth to any iOS, Android and Windows device to make typing easier than on a touchscreen. It has a full-size keyset but folds in half to make it easier to fit in a bag or pocket.

Because the board is designed to work with multiple devices, Microsoft has ditched the Windows key as well as function keys from its original Universal Keyboard.  The UFK was unveiled at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona and is follow up to the Washington-based company’s non-folding version announced last year. It is sold in addition to the keyboards specifically designed for the firm’s range of Surface tablets.


To use the keyboard, unfold it and it will search for Bluetooth-enabled devices. Select the keyboard from the Bluetooth list on a phone or tablet and pair the devices. Once connected, the board will link automatically when paired devices are in range. The wireless board  connects via Bluetooth to any iOS, Android and Windows device to make typing easier than on a touchscreen. The board will last for up to three months on a single charge 

The $99 (£65) TextBlade was designed by California-based WayTools. It consists of three pieces that are held together by magnets, either when folded together or assembled in front of a tablet or phone. This includes the two rows of keys, and a wrist rest. There are eight so-called ‘ultra smart’ keys that contain the 26 letters of the alphabet, numbers, and punctuation marks.  When laid flat, the board is 0.1-inch (5mm) thick and when folded it stays together using magnets.  It is also water repellant and features a fabric that prevents it from slipping on a surface

Microsoft said the board will go on sale in July and costs $99.95 (Rs.6250 approx).
With regards – S. Sampathkumar

6th Mar 2015.

Sunday, August 7, 2022

lightning halts play at Lauderhill !!

In the 5th and final T20I between India and West Indies, India made 188/7. Ishan Kishan opened with Shreyas Iyer (another new combo) .. kuldeep Yadav too is back in this match.  After bowling 3 balls in 15th over, play was stopped  due to Florida state law.. .. it was bright sunshine out, yet Play had to be stopped by State law until an all clear is given by the State !! It is due to the lightning detection alarm going off. The system detects any strike within 7 miles of stadium. 



Interestingly, the match is not played in any of the Caribbean grounds ! – the venue is Lauderhill,  a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. Florida,  (Spanish for "land of flowers") is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States,  bordered by Gulf of Mexico,  Alabama and Georgia, Atlantic Ocean, and  Straits of Florida and Cuba. Florida is the 22nd most extensive, the 3rd most populous, and the 8th most densely populated of the United States. Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States.  

Since the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León – who named it La Florida ([la floˈɾiða] "land of flowers") upon landing there in the Easter season, Pascua Florida – Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.  The ground has seen some Cricket already.   Caribbean Premier League's maiden foray into playing on US soil was a chance for the sport to be revived at the Central Broward Regional Park (CBRP) in Lauderhill to combat the burgeoning presence of soccer at the facility.   

Matches have been stopped / abandoned due to host of reasons right from weather, rain, animal entry,  crowd behaviour, stadium collapse, ground being dug up, assassination of political leader elsewhere and more… some are weird too !!! – this time it was ‘lightning’ !!

 

Lightning photo from twitter page of Ronald Kotinsky Photography  @rkotinsky

 

Sometimes when it rains, you get to hear the thunderstorms and see lightning. Lightning is the transient passage of electrical current between a cloud and either the surface of the earth, or another cloud, etc.  Lightning is one of the most beautiful displays in nature. It is also one of the most deadly natural phenomena known to man. With bolt temperatures hotter than the surface of the sun and shockwaves beaming out in all directions, lightning is a lesson in physical science and humility.  It is common knowledge that lightning is generated in electrically charged storm systems, but the method of cloud charging still remains elusive. 

For an Insurer, Lightning is a peril and cause loss or damage. In India, the Standard Fire & Special Perils policy ~ a named Perils policy has ‘lightning’ included in the listed perils and hence loss or damage caused  by lightning is indemnifiable. 

There are places where lightning strikes regularly - Africa is the lightning capital of the world, according to map that tracked every  bolt of lightning to hit the earth for 18 years.  A Nasa map has revealed which parts of the world experience the most flashes of lightning ever year.  According to the satellite observations, lightning occurs more often over land than it does over oceans; lightning seems to happen more often closer to the equator, owing to the hotter temperatures .... Democratic Republic of Congo and Lake Maracaibo in northwestern Venezuela experienced the most. 

At Florida, Lightning protection systems (LPS) for commercial and industrial facilities are not typically a requirement of national building codes. That said, losses due to lightning strikes and damage, whether direct or indirect, can run into the billions of dollars each year. The sheer power of a lightning strike can cause extensive property damage and completely disrupt a facility’s operations with costly downtime. Fortunately, most of these losses can be mitigated through the implementation of effective a lightning protection system. Even though lightning protection is not required by code, there are several international and national standards that can be referenced that ensure the best possible quality in materials and installation practices.   

The NFPA 780 Standard for the Installation of Lightning Protection Systems is published and reviewed on a three-year cycle by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). It establishes the basis of design and installation requirements for lightning protection systems.   

The Lightning Safety Rules read :  when you are out - appoint someone to watch the skies during your outdoor work or recreation.  Check the latest thunderstorm forecast and monitor the NOAA Weather Radio. When thunder roars, go indoors -- and stay there for 30 minutes after the last clap of thunder.

When lightning is in your vicinity, go quickly inside a completely closed building.  (Going by this rule, players cannot remain in open when there is lightning warning !) Do not consider carports, open garages, covered patios, or pavilions as adequate shelter. If no closed building is convenient, get inside a hard-topped all-metal vehicle. Do not take shelter under a tree, especially if it is tall and isolated. Get out of the water.  This includes pools, lakes, rivers, oceans, water rides, and even puddled water.  Get off the beach.  Put down metal objects such as fishing poles, golf clubs, tennis rackets, tools. etc.  Dismount from tractors and heavy construction equipment.  Do not seek shelter under the equipment.  Move away from metal objects such as metal fences, metal sheds, telephone and power lines, pipelines, etc.

They take these seriously and implementation is strict for – more people die due to lightning strikes in Florida every year than in any other State in US.  Simple, for Flordia has  more lightning, and they  are fourth in population. On average, 10 people die each year from lightning. Statistics show that teenage boys are most vulnerable. People in their 30's are the next most likely victims, followed by those in their 20's. Florida's unique location, surrounded by warm water, provides the necessary ingredients for thunderstorms to form.   According to a NASA study, there are areas in the tropics of Africa, Asia, and South and Central America that have more lightning then Florida does. Rwanda, a country in Africa, is known as the lightning capital of the world. 

Interesting !! 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
7th Aug 2022. 

Naanga strict Officers ..... UK Police discharges duty !!

A few months, away in Lithuania occurred, the incredible moment of a frustrated mayor driving  an armoured vehicle over a Mercedes S-class - for parking in a cycle lane.  Arturas Zuokas, 43, took the drastic action after becoming infuriated with motorists parking their luxury cars illegally around the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius.  The flamboyant politician decided to take the novel approach of fighting illegally parked cars by destroying them with a camouflaged Russian armoured personnel carrier.

In a civil Society, crimes need to be punished.  A section of people toil so hard and are not able to meet their ends – so those who dishonestly rob others and commit crimes must be punished.  There is Police Force, the Law Enforcement Agency which would apprehend the criminals, place them before the Legal Wing, the Courts which would determine the punishments according to the crime and they would be sent to prison as a punishment of the offence.  There are officers who are strict in their duty !!

wonder what this little cute girl is doing here ........ 


In US, there was the funny incident when a letter from the Cumberland County Clerk of Courts  was addressed to the dog  Griner summoning  to report for jury duty.   In Apr 2015, in neighbouring Pakistan, a baby was charged with attempted murder, threatening Police and interfering with State affairs – he was not alone, in the company of father and grandfather as part of a mob protesting against gas cuts and price increases; the mob stoned police and gas company workers out to collect overdue bills.  It was in Lahore that the baby cried while his fingerprints were taken by a court official. Internet was ripe on news of the incident and photos of the baby calmly sitting on his grandfather’s lap, drinking bottle of milk after being given bail. 

In India, in Uttar Pradesh in Sept, an one-year-old boy and his father  were  served notices in apprehension of breach of peace during the Thakurdwara bypoll.  Police filed a report that the toddler and his father may indulge in booth capturing and intimidation of voters. A sub-divisional magistrate issued the summons under Section 10716 CrPc 1973 -an offence that invites police action in anticipation of possible “breach of peace“ against a person. The father and son had to file a security bond, failing which they could be imprisoned.

Here is something amusing in UK - Police threatening  to confiscate four-year-old girl's bike on way to school 'because she was cycling on pavement'.  Here is the news story excerpted from MailOnline. 

Sophie Lindley was cycling with stabilisers in Grantham, Lincolnshire, with her father Dale - when an officer allegedly pulled over in his car and told them that her actions were against the law. The officer said he would drive off and check his mirrors, and if he spotted her cycling again on the pavement then he would take away the 16-inch bike, according to ex-serviceman Mr Lindley, 34.

The girl's father Dale Lindley had to carry his daughter, who was now in tears, and her bike.  He said: ‘At first I thought he was joking but he looked deadly serious. I said “You must be kidding. What do you want me to do, make her ride on the busy road? It’s rush hour”. ‘By the time I got her into class she was so upset a teacher had to calm her down. Poor thing thought she was going to be put in jail. I’m absolutely outraged that a policeman can act in this way. Mr Lindley obeyed the officer's order, even though this meant he now had to carry his daughter - who had burst into tears - as well as her bike and other possessions up a hill to the school. He added: ‘The path was totally empty and we walk along it every day. Sophie likes to cycle on her bike. She’s got a little saddle on the back which she puts her dolly in.

Cyclists are told in section 64 of the Highway Code that 'you must not cycle on a pavement' - which is backed up in law by section 72 of the Highway Act 1835. The penalty for cycling on the pavement is a fixed penalty notice of £30 under section 51 and schedule 3 of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988.

Sophie's mother Emma Stephenson accepted it was illegal to ride on the pavement, but a cycling charity has pointed out Sophie is under the age of criminal responsibility - which is ten. And Miss Stephenson, 33, said ‘How on earth is my daughter riding her little bike with stabilisers to school a criminal offence? Surely there needs to be some common sense applied.’ The force has since apologised. Lincolnshire Police confirmed that officers were investigating the incident. A spokesman said: ‘Safety is our priority and cycling on the pavement is illegal.

With regards – S. Sampathkumar

16th Mar 2015.

Saturday, August 6, 2022

Monkey faces ! - cognitive recognition.

Monkey face - A face like that of a monkey; an amusing or funny face.  Could be derogatory too.   Long ago, when telex was a means of communication – an agency involved in supplies to Ships – communicated to their counterpart – ‘Russian Captain like monkey’ !~   what was meant to be communicated was that a Russian Captain wanted a monkey as pet !


Five of them, pretty attractive, each showing difference expression – not looking at me – hence not scary ! yet capable of frightening us .. .. 

 ‘Monkey business’ means doing something mischievous. Eg - "The company fired its accountant because there was some monkey business going on with the accounts."  It is humans who write and hence lot derogatory about everything else !! 

Monkey is a common name that may refer to most mammals of the infraorder Simiiformes, also known as the simians. Traditionally, all animals in the group now known as simians are counted as monkeys except the apes, which constitutes an incomplete paraphyletic grouping.  

Monkeys are considered closest to human race and perhaps could recognize faces easily .. .. the  face recognition system is capable of extremely fine within-category judgments to recognize and to discriminate between faces and the different facial expressions displayed by the same face.  Do you think you could recognize 100 / 200  of your closest friends? What about 150 odd  strangers?  A friend of mine could make out between scores of Railway Engines, while couple of kids I know are capable of identifying more than 100 odd Cricketers from different angles !  

Read about the challenge in a   research at the Trentham Monkey Forest  that’s home to 140 Barbary macaques. The researcher before beginning data collation had  to learn the face of every monkey resident. During the six-week data collection trip, goal was to test how monkeys think about their social world. While this type of research, called ‘comparative cognition’ can help inform our understanding about how animals navigate all sorts of situations, it can also improve our understanding of human cognition. Specifically, studying primates can help us make inferences how human cognition evolved. It is impossible to go back and time and see what our last common ancestor could think about.  

As humans, we have supreme inflated ego and think that  we are able to track other people’s perspectives and even take into consideration what someone might know about someone else’s perspective. We know what others see !! know, and feel, and are pretty good at making predictions about how other people will act based on this information. This ability is what psychologists refer to as ‘theory of mind’ and was long believed to be human unique.  

In one research – infant  monkeys were reared with no exposure to any faces for 6–24 months. Before being allowed to see a face, the monkeys showed a preference for human and monkey faces in photographs, and they discriminated human faces as well as monkey faces. After the deprivation period, the monkeys were exposed first to either human or monkey faces for a month. Soon after, the monkeys selectively discriminated the exposed species of face and showed a marked difficulty in regaining the ability to discriminate the other nonexposed species of face. These results indicate the existence of an experience-independent ability for face processing as well as an apparent sensitive period during which a broad but flexible face prototype develops into a concrete one for efficient processing of familiar faces.  

Nothing so serious, some beautiful monkey is what this photo taken at Melukote Thirunarayanapuram is all about.  

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
6th Aug 2022.

6th Aug 2022. 

Thursday, August 4, 2022

numerology - the name change ! - Turkey becomes Türkiye

Mankind is so unkind and cruel - killing other living things !  .. .. .. millions of Turkeys are at dinner tables every December 25th. This  reportedly only started to become a common tradition during the 1950s when the price of turkeys became affordable for more people, coinciding with the intensification of agriculture. Relentless Christmas advertising, including that from supermarkets, helped to further entrench the idea that turkey is an essential component of Christmas.  The other holiday strongly associated with turkey is, American Thanksgiving, which may have helped popularise it as a festive food.  It’s telling of how deeply disconnected people’s thoughts are in America, as elsewhere, about the meat on their plates and the sight of living animals that the tradition of the President ‘pardoning a turkey’ has so far gone largely unquestioned as a cute and harmless ritual. No post on the bird or on its killing !

 


Back home, in 1971, Trichinapoly was officially changed as Tiruchirapalli ~ many a cities have changed their names adopting back their old names.   Madras became Chennai, Baroda to Vadodara; Bombay to Mumbai; Trivandrum to Thiruvananthapuram;  Cochin to Kochi; Calcutta to Kolkata; Pondicherry to Puducherry; Bangalore became Bengaluru ~ the list has no full-stop – there could be more in the offing –  many Nations too have changed their names - and this is about Turkey.  

Turkey   is a country straddling Western Asia and Southeast Europe. It shares borders with Greece, Bulgaria, the Black Sea, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea. Istanbul, the largest city, is the financial centre, and Ankara is the capital. Turks form the vast majority of the nation's population, and Kurds are the largest minority.  

One of the world's earliest permanently settled regions, present-day Turkey was home to important Neolithic sites like Göbekli Tepe, and was inhabited by ancient civilisations including the Hattians, Anatolian peoples, Mycenaean Greeks and others.  Beginning in the late 13th century, the Ottomans united the principalities and conquered the Balkans, and the Turkification of Anatolia increased during the Ottoman period. After Mehmed II conquered Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453, Ottoman expansion continued.   From the late 18th century onwards, the empire's power declined with a gradual loss of territories. Mahmud II started a period of modernisation in the early 19th century.  The Young Turk Revolution of 1908 restricted the authority of the Sultan and restored the Ottoman Parliament after a 30-year suspension, ushering the empire into a multi-party period. The 1913 coup d'état put the country under the control of the Three Pashas, who facilitated the Empire's entry into World War I as part of the Central Powers in 1914. During the war, the Ottoman government committed genocides against its Armenian, Greek and Assyrian subjects. After its defeat in the war, the Ottoman Empire was partitioned.  

A month or so ago,came the news of - Turkey changing  its name to Türkiye to stop confusion with festive bird and derogatory English meanings including ‘something that fails badly’   

          Cambridge dictionary lists 'turkey' as 'something that fails badly' or 'silly person'.   The government of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has asked the international community to recognise Turkey by its Turkish name Türkiye, dropping the long-standing anglicised version that was often confused with the famous Thanksgiving animal. "The word Türkiye represents and expresses the culture, civilisation, and values of the Turkish nation in the best way," Erdoğan said. International organisations like the United Nations, the World Trade Organization and NATO have already adopted Türkiye (roughly pronounced as "tur-key-yay"), following a formal request from the Turkish authorities.  

Critics, however, say the rebrand is another populist device that Erdoğan is exploiting to divert attention away from the country's persisting economic woes and to galvanise nationalist voters ahead of next year's crucial elections. Regardless of the true reasons behind the move, Türkiye is certainly not the first country to change its name. Iran, Thailand, Sri Lanka and North Macedonia are among those who at one point made the switch. UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said the change came into place 'from the moment' a letter sent by Turkish foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu. 

President Erdogan ruled in November that goods manufactured in the country must now be labelled 'Made in Türkiye'. The president and his advisers are said to be embarrassed by their country's association with the festive bird and the slang term for 'something that fails'. 'Their claim is that Türkiye conveys Turkey's eternal spirit more than the English word', he told BBC News.  Contrary to popular belief, the country actually gave its name to the bird. Ground-feeding cocks and hens were exported by the Ottoman Empire during the Middle Ages. That led English-speakers to refer to the birds as Turkeys as they were from 'the land of the Turks'.  Turkey has been known by its current name since around 750AD. 

With the official spelling change to come into place shortly, it won't be for much longer. 

With regards - S. Sampathkumar
4th Aug 2022. 

Liability law suit - Sculptor sued by his son ! - பீரங்கியால் நீ வெல்லாததும், உன் பேரன்பினால் .. .. ...

 வீர விநாயக,  வெற்றி விநாயக,  சக்தி விநாயக,  பேரழகா

தீரா சந்தோஷமும் தித்திக்கும் வாா்த்தையும் எத்திக்கும் தோன்றிட வேணுமய்யா!! 

.. .. ……

பீரங்கியால் நீ வெல்லாததும், உன் பேரன்பினால் அட கை கூடுமே
தாராளமா நீ நேசம் வெச்ச அட தாறு மாறா மனம் கூத்தாடுமே
சீறி பாக்கும் ஆளு முன்னே.. சிாிச்சு பாரு மாறிடுவான் .. .. ..

 


The Ajith starrer song says - instead of stare - smile, and with your affection a potential conflict could be resolved easily !! .  In a Nation obsessed with tiny adjustments (you get into a local train, in seat meant for 4 there are already 6 - another one comes running and gasping for breath, says, please adjust and .. .. you find another 2 somehow sitting together!) .. .. there are angry skirmishes, but there are many situations too, when people kindly adjust and life moves on - in such a society, concept of Legal  Liability may not be fully understood, nor would there such law suits! 

Laurence Broderick is a renowned sculptor specialising in figurative carvings in stone and castings in bronze, often with a nature theme. His best known work is 'The Bull', a public sculpture erected in 2003 at the Bullring shopping centre, Birmingham, which has been named one of the world's top ten public artworks. 


 

‘Liability’ (n) is  one of the most significant words in the field of law, and a complex subject in Insurance. Liability means legal responsibility for one's acts or omissions. Any loss or damage caused by a negligent act of a person / Firm exposes them to public liability and cost of litigation as also the cost of such liability suit will be covered in a liability insurance policy. 

One common example is the Act Policy [Third Party Liability policy] in Motor vehicle Insurance.  In India, as prescribed in the Motor Vehicles Act, every vehicle owner must have a policy covering the liability that might arise out of the use of the motor vehicle in a public place. Employers liability, also known as Workmen Compensation is another where the Employer has liability to their employees for death / injuries ‘arising out of and in the course of employment’.  The  liability related suits, other than those of motor accident victims  are not very high in India and there have not been many complex situations also as compared to some litigant practices in Western countries.  

Read in Mailonline about a strange law suit where, a Sculptor, 87, who created iconic Bull statue in Birmingham's shopping centre is sued for £5million by his sons after cutting them out of his will and leaving everything to the National Trust.  

 


The renowned sculptor who created the eponymous bull statue in Birmingham's Bull Ring has been locked in a bitter £5 million court battle with his sons after cutting them out of his will and leaving everything to the National Trust. One of Britain's top living artists, Laurence Broderick, 87, disinherited his sons Graeham and Roger after they blamed him for the death of their younger brother Ollie in 2019. The artist, who is best known for his six-ton bronze bull sculpture - named one of the world's top ten public artworks - also changed the locks on the family home so that neither sons could get in. 

The once tight-knit family had once worked together, with older son Graeham working alongside his father and mother to finish, market and sell Laurence's art. But grief ripped the family apart in 2018 when Laurence's wife Ingrid was diagnosed with Alzheimer's and the couple's youngest son Ollie died a year later. Ollie died aged 46, having suffered kidney failure from just nine months old. During his life, he had three kidney transplants, as well as dialysis while on the transplant waiting list. He died 'peacefully' in hospital in 2019. 

After Laurence was 'blamed' for Ollie's death by his other two sons, he cut them out of his life and froze Graeham out of the family business, London's High Court heard.  Graeham then sued his father, claiming he was owed up to £5 million by his parents because he had been an equal member of a business 'partnership' with his mother and father for 20 years. 

Strange are the ways of people - relations, kith and kin fighting for property (vaikkal varappau thagararu) is perhaps universal but there always is alternative means of settlement and the news paper reported further that the  father and son have now agreed a settlement, halting court proceedings. 

Graeham had claimed he was rightful owner of a one third share under that partnership of all 'partnership assets,' which he said included his father's artworks and valuable copyrights, plus properties in Bedfordshire and the Isle of Skye.  The case reached court with Graeham telling Judge David Halpern QC from the witness box that he was 'upset and disappointed' with his artist father, insisting 'we have been kind and decent sons'. Born in Bristol, Laurence visited the Isle of Skye in 1978 with his young family, where saw his first wild otter, the subject of many of his subsequent works.  After that, Skye became his second home and he held annual sculpture exhibitions on the island for 26 years. He now divides his time between studios on Skye and Waresley, in Bedfordshire.

Suing his father, Graeham told the judge that he had assisted with making the sculptures since 1991 and, from 1999 until the 'traumatic' falling out in 2019, was in a formal business partnership with his parents. He had worked up to 50 hours a week all year round, he said, with just three weeks off. 'I never thought I'd find myself in this situation. I trusted my parents,' he told the judge. David Parratt, counsel for Graeham, told the judge that the two properties his father uses as artist studios in Skye and Waresley are one third his son's property according to the rules of the partnership, along with the same share of his father's art and the profits of the art business up until 2019. Shining a light on the family breakdown, the barrister told the judge that Graham's evidence should be preferred to his father's. 'It is submitted that these are to be antagonistic, vengeful and spiteful and leave nothing of his assets and property to his two sons. His evidence should be treated with caution for that reason,' he told the judge. 

Graeham  went on to sue his father, claiming that he was owed up to £5 million by his parents because he had been an equal member of a business 'partnership' with his mother and father for 20 years. Damian Falkowski, for Laurence, asked him: 'You are aware that your father has changed his will to leave everything to the National Trust. You must be very angry about that. Has that anger coloured your thinking in relation to this partnership claim?'  Mr Falkowski argued that the artworks, studio properties and copyrights were not partnership property, but were part of Laurence's 'capital assets temporarily lent to the partnership'. He also denied there had been a partnership around his artworks involving his son. For Graeham to have become a 'joint author' of any of his father's work, he would have had to 'contribute substantially to the intellectual creation,' he added. 'It is not sufficient for him to do routine work which does not contribute to the intellectual creation, however arduous that may be and even if the work done is necessary in order that the sculptures could be sold as completed works of art,' said the barrister. 

The trial of the case was set to last four days but at the end of a half day hearing, with Roger poised to give evidence in support of Graeham, father and son agreed a settlement to bring the partnership clash to a premature halt. Details of the settlement were not made public. 

Perhaps the son and the aged father reached a settlement and adjusted each other on the monetary claim. 

With regards - S. Sampathkumar
4th Aug 2022