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Sunday, January 16, 2022

Remembering martyr - Punjab Kesari Lala Lajpat Rai

Indian history has not accorded the right place for many a martyrs ~ not at all surprising as we read history as dictated by the British, further refined by commies – natural that many remain unsung, unknown martyrs.  Most of us do not even know that lion Lala Rajpat Rai actually succumbed to murderous attack made by British Police !!  ~  Indian freedom struggle is much much more than Gandhi, Nehru, and Congress.   


பாரத விலாஸ் 1973 ஆம் ஆண்டு வெளிவந்த தமிழ்த் திரைப்படம். ஏ.சி. திருலோகச்சந்தர் இயக்கத்தில்   சிவாஜி கணேசன், கே. ஆர். விஜயா மற்றும் பலரும் நடித்து இருந்தனர்.  மொழி இன சமய பல்வகைமை கொண்ட இந்தியாவின் ஒற்றுமையை விளக்கும் விதமாக ஒற்றை குடியிருப்பை மையமாக வைத்து மொழி இன வெறுபாடின்றி ஒற்றுமையை வலியுறுத்தும் விதமாக இதன் கதை அமைந்தது.   அப்படத்தில் திரு வாலி இயற்றி, எம்.எஸ். விஸ்வநாதன் இசையில் - டி.எம். சௌந்தரராஜன், பி. சுசீலா, எல்.ஆர்.ஈஸ்வரி, ஏ.எல். ராகவன்; திரு கே வீரமணி ஆகியோர் பாடிய பிரபல பாடல் :  

இந்திய நாடு என் வீடு - இந்தியன் என்பது என் பேரு

எல்லா மக்களும் என் உறவு - எல்லோர் மொழியும் என் பேச்சு 

இப்பாடலின் பின்பகுதியில் வரும் வரிகளில் ஒன்று :  

பஞ்சாப் சிங்கம் லாலா லஜபதி - பகத்சிங் பிறந்த பொன்நாடு


This branch of Punjab National Bank,  at Singarachari Street, Triplicane (opp to Samarao school) is quited old.  PNB as we know, is a Nationalised bank, headquartered in New Delhi and some of us may have our account here.  Not sure whether you have observed this portrait ! and thought of its history too !!   

 


When the Simon Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led a peaceful protest against the Commission. The superintendent of police, James A Scott, ordered his men to lathi charge the protesters. Lala Lajpat Rai was badly injured in the baton-charge but addressed a meeting later. He died on 17 November 1928.  

On 28th Jan 2022, it would be 157th birthday of this great patriot.  Lala Lajpat Rai (28.1.1865 – 17.11.1928)  popularly known as Punjab Kesari, was one of the three members of the Lal Bal Pal triumvirate.  

Rai was born on   in Agarwal Jain family, s a son of Urdu and Persian government school teacher Munshi Radha Krishna Agarwal and his wife Gulab Devi at Dhudike in Ludhiana district of Punjab. In the late 1870s, his father was transferred to Rewari, where he had his initial education in Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari, Punjab province, where his father was posted as an Urdu teacher. In 1880, Lajpat Rai joined Government College at Lahore to study law, where he came in contact with patriots and future freedom fighters, such as Lala Hans Raj and Pandit Guru Dutt. While studying at Lahore he was influenced by the Hindu reformist movement of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, became a member of existing Arya Samaj Lahore.    In 1886, he moved to Hisar practiced  law and became a founding member of the Bar council of Hisar along with Babu Churamani. In the same year he also founded the Hisar district branch of the Indian National Congress.  He was also a journalist and was a regular contributor to several newspapers including The Tribune. In 1886, he helped Mahatma Hansraj establish the nationalistic Dayananda Anglo-Vedic School, Lahore.

In 1914, he quit law practise to dedicate himself to the Indian independence movement and travelled to Britain, and then to the United States in 1917. In October 1917, he founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York.  Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal were a triumvirate of assertive nationalists in British India from 1906 to 1918. They advocated the Swadeshi movement involving the boycott of all imported items and the use of Indian-made goods in 1907.  

After joining the Indian National Congress and taking part in political agitation in Punjab, Lala Lajpat Rai was deported to Mandalay, but there was insufficient evidence to hold him for subversion.   He was elected President of the Indian National Congress in the Calcutta Special Session of 1920.  In 1921, he founded Servants of the People Society,  in Lahore. From USA, he  returned during World War I. He was imprisoned from 1921 to 1923 and elected to the legislative assembly on his release.  

In 1928, the United Kingdom set up the Simon Commission, headed by Sir John Simon to report on the political situation in India. The commission was boycotted by Indian political parties because it did not include any Indian members, and it was met with country-wide protests.  When the Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lajpat Rai led a non-violent march in protest against it and gave a slogan "Simon Go Back". The protesters chanted the slogan and carried black flags. The police superintendent in Lahore, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge the protesters and personally assaulted Rai.  Despite being severely injured, Rai subsequently addressed the crowd and said "I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nails in the coffin of British rule in India".  

In 1927, Lajpat Rai established a trust in his mother's memory to build and run a tuberculosis hospital for women, reportedly at the location where his mother, Gulab Devi, had died of tuberculosis in Lahore.  After he died arising out of the brutal attack, in 1928, Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru shot dead John Saunders, British assistant superintendent of Lahore police, avenging lathi charge of Lala Lajpat Rai.    

Recently, I was surprised to see his photo inside the Punjab National Branch at Triplicane and now read that he was associated with PNB and Lakshmi Insurance Company in their early stages in 1894.  Here is something extracted from the web page of PNB. 

                 `PNB was born on May 19, 1894. The founding board was drawn from different parts of India professing different faiths and a varied back-ground with, however, the common objective of providing country with a truly national bank which would further the economic interest of the country. The Bank opened for business on 12 April, 1895. The first Board had 7 Directors. Punjab under the British especially after annexation in 1849 witnessed a period of rapid development giving rise to a new educated class fired with a desire for freedom from the yoke of slavery. Amongst the cherished desires of this new class was also an overriding ambition to start a Swadeshi Bank with Indian Capital and management representing all sections of the Indian community. The idea was first mooted by Rai Mool Raj of Arya Samaj who, as reported by Lala Lajpat Rai, had long cherished the idea that Indians should have a national bank of their own.  

At the instance of Rai Mool Raj, Lala Lajpat Rai sent round a circular to selected friends insisting on an Indian Joint Stock Bank as the first special step in constructive Swadeshi. Lala Harkrishan Lal who had returned from England with ideas regarding commerce and industry, was eager to give them practical shape.  Lala Lajpat Rai was the first to open an account with the bank which was housed in the building opposite the Arya Samaj Mandir in Anarkali in Lahore.    Lala Lajpat Rai joined the Board of Directors soon after !

 


Another interesting fact is that the statue now in Shimla was originally installed in Lahore and later brought to Shimla, unveiled by Dr Gopichand Bhargava, Premier of East Punjab in 1948. 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar
16th Jan 2022.  
 
Pic of  Lajpat Rai statue :  https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lala_Lajpat_Rai_Statue,_Shimla_01.jpg 

can you identify this ? - ஸ்ரீரங்கத்து ______________

 

தலைவருக்கு அறிவு சார் கேள்வி ?  - இது என்ன ?

 


ஸ்ரீரங்கத்து  ______________

 

Photo of a piece of antiquity .. .. identify what this is ? (photo cropped) – taken at Sri MA Narasimhan’s collections !!

 

Ans:  Not sure whether it got represented properly in that cropped photo ! – it was massive in size ! 

ஸ்ரீரங்கத்து அரிவாள்மனை !  (தேங்காய் துருவி) – user would keep a plantain leaf on the curvature and grate coconut



Saturday, January 15, 2022

பொங்கலோ பொங்கல் ~ மாட்டு பொங்கல் 2022

பொங்கலோ பொங்கல் ~ மாட்டு பொங்கல் ~ thanking cattle for the harvest 2022 


During my school days, on this day, I would plead with my mother, take permission to sit on the doorstep of our TP Koil Street house watching those lovely  cows of Triplicane and wondering the affection and warmth showered on them by the people.    

Today, 15th Jan 2022  ~ is a day of special significance. After Bhogi and Makara Sankranthi [Pongal], today is dedicated to the cattle popularly known as ‘Mattu Pongal’.  A day celebrating the cattle, particularly cows and bulls that play a vital role by working hard to help the farmers to raise crops on their fields.  The festival is an occasion when the fresh harvests from the fields are shared in the form of food and sweets not only with the community but also with animals and birds.  

It sounds too eerie !  - a new wave of cow-less dairy is hitting the market. In the United States, Perfect Day is using genetically modified fungi to produce milk protein for ice cream at a commercial scale. And pre-commercial companies, like TurtleTree and Better Milk, are engineering mammary cells to produce human and cow milk in laboratories, although these remain in the early stages of development.  It might be some time before mammal-less dairy arrives in Canadian grocery stores. But these emerging technologies are part of the fourth agricultural revolution that aims to improve food security, sustainability and agricultural working conditions. With these promises for wins on the horizon, should the diary sector be worried?  

Cellular agriculture makes biologically equivalent or near-equivalent foods to those produced with animals. This is different from plant-based meat and dairy alternatives, such as Beyond Burgers and oat milk, which use plant ingredients that approximate their non-vegetarian counterparts.  One approach is to use advanced fermentation, where yeasts, fungi and bacteria are genetically modified to produce proteins. The approach is similar to brewing beer, but with highly specialized micro-organisms that follow instructions that have been added to their genetic code.  

Thousands of miles away lies – Iceland, a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic. Dec is coldest month in Chennai and some thoughts on Iceland’s winter where the cold season starts at the end of October, following the old Norse calendar. This calendar only consists of two seasons, winter and summer. There are 26 weeks of winter in Iceland, and 26 weeks of summer.  The first day of summer is a national holiday – who would care that it’s below 10 °C and snowing?  Iceland too has cows ! ~ how would the cattle survive such freezing and long winter ?  Farmers keep the cows inside a cowshed during winter and feed them with hay and feedstuff.  The cows can come out and walk on fields only in the Spring.  It is all automated milking system as farmers use robotic milking, which means that the cows live mostly free during the summer. They can decide when they want to be outside or inside and also when they want to milk them self.  

India is the famed land of Ramayana & Mahabaratha.  Great preceptors Shankara, Ramanujacharya, Madwacharya,  Gautama Buddha & Mahaveera  taught peace and patience –Western World, would try depicting  it is a land of snake-charmers, a place where one would encounter cruelty and people are barbaric.  There is no matador spiking the bull or 'Toro Jubilo' where bull is caked in dry mud having fireworks attached to its horns – what right they have in trying to depict us having our bulls and cows, which are worshipped here.  Sadly, there has been developing  a big Urban rural disconnect – the modern day youngsters see rice only in boiled form on their plate, perhaps not knowing how it is cultivated and how the animals have been  so intertwined with people.  Triplicane, the famed land of Sri Parthasarathi is different – you see so many cows on the road and today is special to them.  

At Thiruvallikkeni as in other divyadesams, Adhyayana uthsavam is now on. On day 8 of Irapathu – it is ‘Rajamannar thirukolam’  .. it is but natural – Krishna was the King of cowherds and Sri Parthasarathi  in His natural self…as  Rajamannar, blessed  His bakthas.  The whip and the crowning glory were of unparalleled beauty – one could also notice the small calf at His lovely feet and the beautiful cow behind Him. 

Cow shout ‘maa’ (moo in English) but actually Cows make  several different sounds including mooing, bellowing, snorting and grunting, and they use these noises for different things.  It’s hard for humans to decipher these cow calls, but a new study shows that our bovine buddies communicate using unique voices, which remain consistent across a range of emotional circumstances. Previous research has shown that mothers and calves show individuality in their vocalizations, helping moms recognize babies’ calls, and vice versa. But Alexandra Green, a PhD student at the University of Sydney’s School of Life and Environmental Sciences, wondered whether cows also display unique voices in other aspects of their lives. So she headed to a free-range farm on the university’s campus, equipped with headphones and a shotgun mic.  

Green spent five months hanging out with a herd of Holstein-Friesian heifers, capturing their moos and lows. In total, Green and her colleagues recorded 333 high-frequency vocalizations from 13 heifers, none of which had been pregnant. The calls were collected during a number of different situations, like when the cows were in heat and when they were anticipating a tasty meal, which the researchers identified as “positive” contexts. Calls were also collected when the animals were denied food, when they were physically isolated from their fellow herd members, and when they were both physically and visually isolated from the rest of the herd, which the researchers identified as “negative” contexts. Using acoustic analyses programs, the researchers determined that the cows maintained individual vocal cues, whether they were communicating arousal, excitement or distress. It is “highly likely,” the study authors write, that cows are able to recognize other members of their herd through these calls.   

Here are some photos of the cows of Thiruvallikkeni  decorated and paraded on roads, with people offering them sweets and their owners some money.  It is sharing of happiness everywhere.  

பொங்கலோ பொங்கல் ~ மாட்டு பொங்கல் - நம் கால்நடைகளை பேணுவோம்.

 
With regards – S. Sampathkumar
15th Jan 2022 












'குங்குமப்பூவே ! கொஞ்சும் புறாவே !"


கருங்குயில் குன்றத்து கொலை - என்ன என்பது தெரியாமல் போகலாம்.  சந்திரபாபு பாடி ஆடிய 'குங்குமப்பூவே ! கொஞ்சும் புறாவே !" அறியாத தமிழ் திரைப்பட ரசிகர்கள் இலர். 

 


SM ஸ்ரீராமுலு நாயுடு எழுதி, இயக்கி, தயாரித்து 1959ல்  வெளியிட்ட இப்படத்தில் - சந்திரபாபு, சிவாஜி கணேசன், பத்மினி நடித்து இருந்தனர்.  

 


குங்குமப் பூவே கொஞ்சும் புறாவே

தங்கமே உன்னைக் கண்டதும்  இன்பம் பொங்குது தன்னாலே