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Monday, January 21, 2013

the history of Tripura...



Kirāta is a generic term in Sanskrit for people who lived in the mountains, particularly in the Himalayas and North-East India and who are postulated to have been Mongoloid in origin. Some theories hold that the word Kirata,  means people with lion nature, suggesting possible relation to the mythical lion-headed tribe called Kimpurusha.  Kirata Kingdom in Sanskrit literature and Hindu mythology refers kingdom of  dwellers in Himalayas; they took part in the Kurukshetra War along with Parvatas.  An ancient name of this State which became a State on this day in 1972 [21st Jan 1972] is Kirat Desh.  The Twipra Kingdom ruled the region for centuries; the Rajmala, a chronicle of Tripuri kings which was first penned in the 15th century, provides a list of 179 kings.

It is a State with long chequered history.  The Kingdom in its peak included the whole eastern region of Bengal from the Brahmaputra river in the north and west, the Bay of Bengal in the south and Burma to the east during the 14th and 15th centuries AD. The last ruler of the princely state was Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur who reigned from 1947-1949 Agartala after whom the kingdom was merged with India on 9 September 1949 and the administration was taken over on 15 October 1949.

It is the State now known as Tripura. After Indian independence, the princely state of Tripura was merged with the Union of India in 1949. Tripura became a Union Territory on 1 July 1963 and attained the status of a full-fledged state on 21 January 1972.

Tripura spreads over an area of 10,491.69 sq.km; has a population of 36,71,032; has its capital at Agartala.  The languages spoken are : Bengali & Kokborok.  Tripura  is a state in North East India and is the third-smallest state in the country.  Tripura is bordered by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, while the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram lie to its east. The state has atropical savanna climate, with seasonal heavy rains from the south west monsoon. Forests cover more than half of the area, providing remarkable biodiversity for such a small area, and are a source of livelihood for many tribes. Bamboo and cane forests are common, while Tripura has the highest number of primate species found in any Indian state.

Tripura lies in a geographically disadvantageous location in India, as only one major highway connects it with the rest of the country. This hinders the economic prospects of the state. Poverty and unemployment continue to plague Tripura, which has a limited infrastructure. Most residents are involved in agriculture and allied activities, although the service sector is the largest contributor to the state's gross domestic product.

Manik Sarkar is the present Chief Minister and is a Politburo Member of Communist Party of India (Marxist). 

With regards – S. Sampathkumar.

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